Mental Models or Probabilistic Reasoning or Both

Journal article


Natasha Beeson, Edward J. N. Stupple, Malcolm B. Schofield, Paul Staples and Stupple, E. 2019. Mental Models or Probabilistic Reasoning or Both. Psihologijske teme. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.28.1.2
AuthorsNatasha Beeson, Edward J. N. Stupple, Malcolm B. Schofield, Paul Staples and Stupple, E.
Abstract

The present paper presents an overview of contemporary reasoning research to examine the evidence for and implications of the Dual Strategy Model of Reasoning. The Dual Strategy Model of Reasoning proposes that there are two types of reasoning strategy applied in deductive reasoning – counterexample and statistical. The paper considers Mental Models Theory and The Probability Heuristics Model as candidate specifications for these respective strategies and hypotheses are proposed on this basis. The Dual Strategy Model is further considered in the context of Dual Process theory, the Dual Source Model and Meta-reasoning and implications of the synergy between these proposals are considered. We finally consider the Dual Strategy Model in the context of individual differences, and normative considerations before proposing novel hypotheses and further avenues of research which we argue require exploration in this context.

KeywordsReasoning; Dual Process Theory; Dual-Strategy Theory; Meta-reasoning; Metacognition
Year2019
JournalPsihologijske teme
PublisherUniversity of Rijeka
ISSN1332-0742
1849-0395
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.28.1.2
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.28.1.2
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219802
Output statusPublished
Publication dates2019
Publication process dates
Deposited24 Apr 2019, 10:29
Accepted2019
Accepted21 Dec 2018
ContributorsUniversity of Derby
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