Evaluation of the Subgrade Reaction for closely-spaced raft and isolated foundations on sand – Case study

Journal article


Hamza, O., Kourdey, A., Hussain, Y. and Mawas, A. 2023. Evaluation of the Subgrade Reaction for closely-spaced raft and isolated foundations on sand – Case study. Geotechnical Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1680/jgeen.21.00212
AuthorsHamza, O., Kourdey, A., Hussain, Y. and Mawas, A.
Abstract

This paper investigates the interference effect of closely-spaced foundations on the modulus of subgrade reaction (k) and provides an insight into some of the factors affecting the k-value of a raft foundation when other foundations (isolated footings or other identical rafts) are closely placed on both sides. The investigation adopted a three-dimensional, non-linear Finite Element numerical analysis based on a case study of a residential project with several multi-story buildings constructed on sand underlain by weathered limestone. A site-specific ground investigation was conducted to determine soil properties, which were used to construct 3D numerical models to simulate different arrangements of foundations and estimate the corresponding k-values. The results show that the k-value starts to decrease when the spacing between the foundations becomes less than three times the raft width, and the percentage of reduction in k-value increases in a non-linear way as the spacing decreases further. In addition to spacing, the study revealed that the effect of adjacent foundations depends on their size and the magnitude of their applied pressure. The case study provides a framework for developing a correction factor that can be applied to k-value for improving the structural and geotechnical design of closely-spaced shallow foundations.

KeywordsShallow foundation; Stress analysis; Geotechnical engineering
Year2023
JournalGeotechnical Engineering
PublisherInstitution of Civil Engineers
ISSN1353-2618
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1680/jgeen.21.00212
Web address (URL)https://www.icevirtuallibrary.com/doi/10.1680/jgeen.21.00212
Accepted author manuscript
License
All rights reserved (under embargo)
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online03 Jan 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited16 Jan 2023
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