Microbial community composition of deep-sea corals from the Red Sea provides insight into functional adaption to a unique environment

Journal article


Röthig, Till, Yum, Lauren K., Kremb, Stephan G., Roik, Anna and Voolstra, Christian R. 2017. Microbial community composition of deep-sea corals from the Red Sea provides insight into functional adaption to a unique environment. Scientific Reports. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep44714
AuthorsRöthig, Till, Yum, Lauren K., Kremb, Stephan G., Roik, Anna and Voolstra, Christian R.
Abstract

Microbes associated with deep-sea corals remain poorly studied. The lack of symbiotic algae suggests that associated microbes may play a fundamental role in maintaining a viable coral host via acquisition and recycling of nutrients. Here we employed 16 S rRNA gene sequencing to study bacterial communities of three deep-sea scleractinian corals from the Red Sea, Dendrophyllia sp., Eguchipsammia fistula, and Rhizotrochus typus. We found diverse, species-specific microbiomes, distinct from the surrounding seawater. Microbiomes were comprised of few abundant bacteria, which constituted the majority of sequences (up to 58% depending on the coral species). In addition, we found a high diversity of rare bacteria (taxa at <1% abundance comprised >90% of all bacteria). Interestingly, we identified anaerobic bacteria, potentially providing metabolic functions at low oxygen conditions, as well as bacteria harboring the potential to degrade crude oil components. Considering the presence of oil and gas fields in the Red Sea, these bacteria may unlock this carbon source for the coral host. In conclusion, the prevailing environmental conditions of the deep Red Sea (>20 °C, <2 mg oxygen L−1) may require distinct functional adaptations, and our data suggest that bacterial communities may contribute to coral functioning in this challenging environment.

KeywordsCoral reef; Microbiome
Year2017
JournalScientific Reports
PublisherNature Research
ISSN2045-2322
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1038/srep44714
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/623315
hdl:10545/623315
Publication dates17 Mar 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited17 Jan 2019, 18:24
Accepted13 Feb 2017
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Archived with thanks to Scientific Reports

ContributorsKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
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