Recovery capital pathways: Modelling the components of recovery wellbeing

Journal article


Cano, Ivan, Best, David, Edwards, Michael and Lehman, John 2017. Recovery capital pathways: Modelling the components of recovery wellbeing. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 181, pp. 11-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.09.002
AuthorsCano, Ivan, Best, David, Edwards, Michael and Lehman, John
Abstract

In recent years, there has been recognition that recovery is a journey that involves the growth of recovery capital. Thus, recovery capital has become a commonly used term in addiction treatment and research yet its operationalization and measurement has been limited. Due to these limitations, there is little understanding of long-term recovery pathways and their clinical application. We used the data of 546 participants from eight different recovery residences spread across Florida, USA. We calculated internal consistency for recovery capital and wellbeing, then assessed their factor structure via confirmatory factor analysis. The relationships between time, recovery barriers and strengths, wellbeing and recovery capital, as well as the moderating effect of gender, were estimated using structural equations modelling. The proposed model obtained an acceptable fit (χ2 (141, N = 546) = 533.642, p < 0.001; CMIN/DF = 3.785; CFI = 0.915; TLI = 0.896; RMSEA = 0.071). Findings indicate a pathway to recovery capital that involves greater time in residence (‘retention’), linked to an increase in meaningful activities and a reduction in barriers to recovery and unmet needs that, in turn, promote recovery capital and positive wellbeing. Gender differences were observed. We tested the pathways to recovery for residents in the recovery housing population. Our results have implications not only for retention as a predictor of sustained recovery and wellbeing but also for the importance of meaningful activities in promoting recovery capital and wellbeing.

KeywordsRecovery capital, Wellbeing, Recovery barriers, Meaningful activities, Structural equation modelling, Multi-group analysis
Year2017
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Journal citation181, pp. 11-19
PublisherElsevier BV
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.09.002
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/625357
https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/
hdl:10545/625357
Publication dates28 Sep 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited06 Nov 2020, 17:41
Accepted02 Sep 2017
Rights

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

ContributorsSheffield Hallam University and Florida Association of Recovery Residences, United States
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