Investigation of a Medieval Pilgrim Burial Excavated from the Leprosarium of St Mary Magdalen Winchester, UK

Journal article


Roffey, S., Tucker, K., Filipek, K., Montgomery, J., Cameron, J., O’Connell, T., Evans, J., Marter, P. and Taylor, G.M. 2017. Investigation of a Medieval Pilgrim Burial Excavated from the Leprosarium of St Mary Magdalen Winchester, UK. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 11 (1), pp. 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005186
AuthorsRoffey, S., Tucker, K., Filipek, K., Montgomery, J., Cameron, J., O’Connell, T., Evans, J., Marter, P. and Taylor, G.M.
Abstract

We have examined the remains of a Pilgrim burial from St Mary Magdalen, Winchester. The individual was a young adult male, aged around 18–25 years at the time of death. Radiocarbon dating showed the remains dated to the late 11th–early 12th centuries, a time when pilgrimages were at their height in Europe. Several lines of evidence in connection with the burial suggested this was an individual of some means and prestige. Although buried within the leprosarium cemetery, the skeleton showed only minimal skeletal evidence for leprosy, which was confined to the bones of the feet and legs. Nonetheless, molecular testing of several skeletal elements, including uninvolved bones all showed robust evidence of DNA from Mycobacterium leprae, consistent with the lepromatous or multibacillary form of the disease. We infer that in life, this individual almost certainly suffered with multiple soft tissue lesions. Genotyping of the M.leprae strain showed this belonged to the 2F lineage, today associated with cases from South-Central and Western Asia. During osteological examination it was noted that the cranium and facial features displayed atypical morphology for northern European populations. Subsequently, geochemical isotopic analyses carried out on tooth enamel indicated that this individual was indeed not local to the Winchester region, although it was not possible to be more specific about their geographic origin.

KeywordsPilgrim burial; Radiocarbon dating; 11-12 century; Leprosy
Year2017
JournalPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Journal citation11 (1), pp. 1-27
PublisherPLOS
ISSN1935-2735
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005186
Web address (URL)http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-85012919998&partnerID=MN8TOARS
https://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0005186
Output statusPublished
Publication dates26 Jan 2017
Publication process dates
Accepted15 Nov 2016
Deposited16 Aug 2022
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https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/982yx/investigation-of-a-medieval-pilgrim-burial-excavated-from-the-leprosarium-of-st-mary-magdalen-winchester-uk

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