Success Factors for the Adoption of Green Lean Six Sigma in Healthcare facility: An ISM-MICMAC Study

Journal article

2022. Success Factors for the Adoption of Green Lean Six Sigma in Healthcare facility: An ISM-MICMAC Study. International Journal of Lean Six Sigma. pp. 1-34.

Green Lean Six Sigma (GLSS) is a sustainable development approach that leads to improved patient care with improved safety and quality of service to patients. The aim of this study is the identification, study, modeling, and analysis of GLSS success factors for the Indian healthcare facility. Interpretive structural modeling (ISM) and Impact Matrix Cross-Reference Multiplication Applied to a Classification (MICMAC) analyses have been used to understand the hierarchical structure among the GLSS success factors. This enabled the development of dependency relationships between success factors, in particular, which factors support the development of other factors. Specifically, this study found that the success factors ‘commitment of management’ and ‘financial availability’ are the most critical to GLSS implementation success, as they support the development of all other success factors. Meanwhile ‘embedding sustainable measures at each stage of the service’; ‘the capability and effectiveness of real-time data collection; and ‘feedback and corrective actions’ most directly support the GLSS implementation in the healthcare facility, and serve as the final indicators of implementation progress. This research work is the first of its kind that deals with the identification and analysis of the prominent factors that foster the inclusive implementation of GLSS within the healthcare facility. The major implication of the present research work lies in suggesting a direction for practitioners to execute the GLSS approach through a systematic understanding of classification and structural relationships among different enablers. The study also facilitates healthcare managers to explore different Green Lean wastes in hospitals and challenges to sustainability pursuits in healthcare that assist in an organization’s efforts towards sustainable development.

KeywordsHealthcare facility; Patient care; Sustainability; Success factors; Interpretive structural modeling; MICMAC
JournalInternational Journal of Lean Six Sigma
Journal citationpp. 1-34
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Web address (URL)
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online08 Nov 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Sep 2022
Deposited28 Nov 2022
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Accepted author manuscript
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
File access level: Open

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