Music as an alternative self-regulation strategy to snack foods following a negative mood induction in 5-7-year-old children: Interactions with parental use of food as a reward

Journal article


Coulthard, H., Van den Tol, A. J, Jeffers, S and Ryan, S. 2023. Music as an alternative self-regulation strategy to snack foods following a negative mood induction in 5-7-year-old children: Interactions with parental use of food as a reward. Appetite. 186, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2023.106517
AuthorsCoulthard, H., Van den Tol, A. J, Jeffers, S and Ryan, S.
Abstract

This study aimed to extend studies that have looked at snack food consumption following a negative mood induction, and examine whether listening to a happy song would counteract these effects in children. A second aim was to examine whether parental feeding practices (use of food as a reward and the use of food to regulate emotions) and child Body Mass Index (BMI) would moderate any differences. Eighty 5-7-year-old children took part in a negative mood induction and were then assigned to either a happy music condition or a silent control condition. The weight (g) consumed of four snack foods was measured (fruit hearts, crisps, chocolate biscuits, and breadsticks). Parents filled in baseline measures of feeding practices. There were no significant differences in food consumption between conditions. There was, however, a significant interaction between the high use of food as a reward and the condition on the amount of food eaten. In particular, following a negative -mood induction, those children whose parents reported using food as a reward and who were in the silent condition ate significantly more snack foods. There were no significant interactions with child BMI or with parental use of food to regulate emotions. This research suggests that the use of certain parental strategies may influence how children respond to novel emotion regulation techniques. Further research is needed to evaluate the best types of music to regulate emotions in children, and whether parents can be encouraged to replace maladaptive feeding practices with more adaptive non-food practices.

KeywordsMusic; Emotional eating; Children; Emotional regulation; Reward
Year2023
JournalAppetite
Journal citation186, pp. 1-9
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0195-6663
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2023.106517
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195666323000703
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Mar 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted28 Feb 2023
Deposited26 Apr 2023
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https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/9xz6q/music-as-an-alternative-self-regulation-strategy-to-snack-foods-following-a-negative-mood-induction-in-5-7-year-old-children-interactions-with-parental-use-of-food-as-a-reward

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