Rural–urban scaling of age, mortality, crime and property reveals a loss of expected self‑similar behaviour

Journal article


Sutton, J., Shahtahmassebi, G., Ribeiro, HV. and Hanley, Q. 2020. Rural–urban scaling of age, mortality, crime and property reveals a loss of expected self‑similar behaviour. Scientific Reports. 10, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-74015-x
AuthorsSutton, J., Shahtahmassebi, G., Ribeiro, HV. and Hanley, Q.
Abstract

The urban scaling hypothesis has improved our understanding of cities; however, rural areas have been neglected. We investigated rural–urban population density scaling in England and Wales using 67 indicators of crime, mortality, property, and age. Most indicators exhibited segmented scaling about a median critical density of 27 people per hectare. Above the critical density, urban regions preferentially attract young adults (25–40 years) and lose older people (> 45 years). Density scale adjusted metrics (DSAMs) were analysed using hierarchical clustering, networks, and self-organizing maps (SOMs) revealing regional differences and an inverse relationship between excess value of property transactions and a range of preventable mortality (e.g. diabetes, suicide, lung cancer). The most striking finding is that age demographics break the expected self-similarity underlying the urban scaling hypothesis. Urban dynamism is fuelled by preferential attraction of young adults and not a fundamental property of total urban population.

KeywordsUrban scaling hypothesis ; rural areas ; population density
Year2020
JournalScientific Reports
Journal citation10, pp. 1-13
PublisherSpringer Nature
ISSN2045-2322
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-74015-x
Web address (URL)https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-74015-x
Accepted author manuscript
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File Access Level
Open
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online08 Oct 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited07 Mar 2024
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