Myalgic Encephalomyelitis / Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and early maladaptive schemas: A single case study.

Journal article


Stalmeisters, Dzintra 2018. Myalgic Encephalomyelitis / Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and early maladaptive schemas: A single case study. Counselling Psychology Review.
AuthorsStalmeisters, Dzintra
Abstract

Background/Aims: Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) is a complex illness, one that is devastating and life changing for many people. Early maladaptive schemas (EMS), as described by Young et al., (2003), have been observed in some patients with ME/CFS; seemingly adversely impacting on psychological and physical well-being. This study explores the experience of working at schema level with a woman with ME/CFS and endorsed EMS. It provides an overview of the therapeutic treatment, with the aim of adding to the limited research in this area. Method: The instrumental single case study takes place within a clinical context. The client received 20 sessions of therapy. Standard cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) was initially utilised to work with the client’s depression; once reduced, schema work commenced. Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI-II) was used to measure mood, and Young’s Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S3) was employed to measure schemas. Findings: By the end of therapy only two schemas from the nine schemas that the client had endorsed at the start of therapy remained at a level of ‘therapeutic significance’; three schemas diminished once the depression had been treated. The client reported that her quality of life had improved and that she had taken up part-time paid employment. Conclusion: The results appear to offer some support for working at schema level with people that have ME/CFS and also endorse EMS. However, treating existing depression first is recommended.

Background/Aims: Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) is a
complex illness, one that is devastating and life changing for many people. Early
maladaptive schemas (EMS), as described by Young et al., (2003), have been observed in
some patients with ME/CFS; seemingly adversely impacting on psychological and physical
well-being. This study explores the experience of working at schema level with a woman
with ME/CFS and endorsed EMS. It provides an overview of the therapeutic treatment,
with the aim of adding to the limited research in this area.
Method: The instrumental single case study takes place within a clinical context. The
client received 20 sessions of therapy. Standard cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) was
initially utilised to work with the client’s depression; once reduced, schema work
commenced. Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI-II) was used to measure mood, and
Young’s Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S3) was employed to measure schemas.
Findings: By the end of therapy only two schemas from the nine schemas that the client
had endorsed at the start of therapy remained at a level of ‘therapeutic significance’; three
schemas diminished once the depression had been treated. The client reported that her
quality of life had improved and that she had taken up part-time paid employment.
Conclusion: The results appear to offer some support for working at schema level with
people that have ME/CFS and also endorse EMS. However, treating existing depression
first is recommended.

KeywordsMyalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME); Chronic fatigue; Early maladaptive schemas; Cognitive behaviour therapy; Psychotherapy
Year2018
JournalCounselling Psychology Review
PublisherBritish Psychological Society
ISSN02696975
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/622778
hdl:10545/622778
Publication dates01 Jun 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited04 Jul 2018, 11:31
ContributorsUniversity of Derby
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