The relationship between latent inhibition and performance at a non-intentional precognition task.
|Authors||Hitchman, Glenn A. M., Sherwood, Simon J. and Roe, Chris A.|
Context: Many spontaneous cases of extra-sensory perception (ESP) seem to occur without the conscious intent of the experient to manifest any anomalous phenomena. Indeed, Stanford’s psimediated instrumental response (PMIR) theory, which frames ESP as a goal-oriented function, goes as far as to suggest that such intent may be counterproductive to psi. Objectives: The present study was the latest to build on the successful paradigm developed by Luke and colleagues in testing the non-intentional psi hypothesis and potential covariates of psi task success. This study focused on the ability of latent inhibition - an organism’s cognitive tendency to filter out apparently irrelevant information - to predict an individual’s sensitivity to psi stimuli. Method: Fifty participants completed a two-part auditory discrimination performance measure of latent inhibition, a battery of questionnaires and a 15-trial, binary, forced-choice, non-intentional precognition task. They were then either positively or negatively rewarded via images from subsets which they had pre-rated, seeing more images from their preferred subsets the better they performed at the psi task and vice-versa. Results: Participants scored a mean hit rate of 7.96 (MCE = 7.50), which just failed to reach a statistically significant level, t(48) = 1.62, p = .06, one-tailed, ESr = 0.23. However, latent inhibition was found to be unrelated to participants’ precognitive performance.
|Keywords||extra-sensory perception; non-intentional precognition; latent inhibition|
|Journal||Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2014.12.004|
|Web address (URL)||http://hdl.handle.net/10545/624033|
|Publication dates||24 Dec 2014|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||30 Jul 2019, 12:53|
|Contributors||University of Northampton, Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP)|
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