Peasants, bandits, and state intervention: The consolidation of authority in the Ottoman Balkans and Southern Italy

Journal article


Cayli, Baris 2017. Peasants, bandits, and state intervention: The consolidation of authority in the Ottoman Balkans and Southern Italy. Journal of Agrarian Change. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12228
AuthorsCayli, Baris
Abstract

This paper explores the role of bandits and state intervention in the Ottoman Balkans and Southern Italy in the 19th century by using archival documents. I argue that the states may react similarly and radically when their authority is challenged in the periphery. The Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Italy developed the same forms of state intervention to fight against the bandits, even though these two states had fundamentally different political, cultural, and socio-legal structures. I present three different forms of state intervention: (i) victim-centred state intervention; (ii) security-centred state intervention; and (iii) authority-centred state intervention. These three forms consolidated the state's authority while making the two states both fragile and dependent on other social agencies in the long term. I further claim that consolidation of the state's authority manifests the paradox of state intervention and creates more vulnerabilities in traumatic geographies.

KeywordsOttoman Empire; Bandits; Peasants; Crime; State intervention; Italy
Year2017
JournalJournal of Agrarian Change
PublisherWiley
ISSN14710366
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12228
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/621631
hdl:10545/621631
Publication dates11 May 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited07 Jun 2017, 14:07
Accepted10 Apr 2017
ContributorsUniversity of Derby
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https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/93zw8/peasants-bandits-and-state-intervention-the-consolidation-of-authority-in-the-ottoman-balkans-and-southern-italy

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