Was Quashing the Maji-Maji Uprising Genocide? An Evaluation of Germany’s Conduct through the Lens of International Criminal Law

Journal article


Bachmann, Klaus and Kemp, Gerhard 2021. Was Quashing the Maji-Maji Uprising Genocide? An Evaluation of Germany’s Conduct through the Lens of International Criminal Law. Holocaust and Genocide Studies. 35 (2), pp. 235-249. https://doi.org/10.1093/hgs/dcab032
AuthorsBachmann, Klaus and Kemp, Gerhard
Abstract

Recently, political actors in Tanzania have demanded compensation from Germany for colonial atrocities against various ethnic and religious groups during the Maji-Maji uprising (1905–1907). By analyzing first-hand archival records from Germany and Tanzania, this article examines whether German actions constitute genocide according to the Genocide Convention or the International Criminal Tribunals’ jurisprudence. The authors find strong evidence to support a claim of genocide, and assess the viability of potential compensation claims against Germany; they conclude, however, that such claims would meet significant obstacles due to the concept of state immunity for sovereign actions under international customary law, as well as case law of the International Court of Justice.

KeywordsLaw; History
Year2021
JournalHolocaust and Genocide Studies
Journal citation35 (2), pp. 235-249
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
ISSN8756-6583
1476-7937
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/hgs/dcab032
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/625975
hdl:10545/625975
Publication dates30 Jul 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited07 Sep 2021, 08:52
Accepted30 Apr 2021
ContributorsSWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities and University of Derby
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