Spatio-temporal dynamics and aetiology of proliferative leg skin lesions in wild British finches

Journal article


Lawson, Becki, Robinson, Robert A., Fernandez, Julia Rodriguez-Ramos, John, Shinto K., Benitez, Laura, Tolf, Conny, Risely, Kate, Toms, Mike P., Cunningham, Andrew A. and Williams, Richard 2018. Spatio-temporal dynamics and aetiology of proliferative leg skin lesions in wild British finches. Scientific Reports. 8 (1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-32255-y
AuthorsLawson, Becki, Robinson, Robert A., Fernandez, Julia Rodriguez-Ramos, John, Shinto K., Benitez, Laura, Tolf, Conny, Risely, Kate, Toms, Mike P., Cunningham, Andrew A. and Williams, Richard
Abstract

Proliferative leg skin lesions have been described in wild finches in Europe although there have been no large-scale studies of their aetiology or epizootiology to date. Firstly, disease surveillance, utilising public reporting of observations of live wild finches was conducted in Great Britain (GB) and showed proliferative leg skin lesions in chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs) to be widespread. Seasonal variation was observed, with a peak during the winter months. Secondly, pathological investigations were performed on a sample of 39 chaffinches, four bullfinches (Pyrrhula pyrrhula), one greenfinch (Chloris chloris) and one goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) with proliferative leg skin lesions and detected Cnemidocoptes sp. mites in 91% (41/45) of affected finches and from all species examined. Fringilla coelebs papillomavirus (FcPV1) PCR was positive in 74% (23/31) of birds tested: a 394 base pair sequence was derived from 20 of
these birds, from all examined species, with 100% identity to reference genomes. Both mites and FcPV1 DNA were detected in 71% (20/28) of birds tested for both pathogens. Histopathological examination of lesions did not discriminate the relative importance of mite or FcPV1 infection as their cause. Development of techniques to localise FcPV1 within lesions is required to elucidate the pathological significance of FcPV1 DNA detection.

KeywordsFringilla coelebs; Fringilla coelebs papillomavirus; finches; proliferative leg lesions; papillomavirus
Year2018
JournalScientific Reports
Journal citation8 (1)
PublisherNature Publiching Group
ISSN2045-2322
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-32255-y
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/623497
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/
hdl:10545/623497
Publication dates10 Oct 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited14 Feb 2019, 16:33
Accepted31 Aug 2018
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Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

ContributorsInstitute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent’s Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK., British Trust for Ornithology, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk, IP24 2PU, UK., IDEXX Laboratories Limited, Grange House, Sandbeck Way, Wetherby, West Yorkshire, LS22 7DN, UK., Departamento de Genética, Fisiología y Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040, Madrid, Spain., Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology, EEMiS, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, 391 82, Sweden and Departamento de Biodiversidad, Ecología y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040, Madrid, Spain
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