Customised pressure profiles of made-to-measure sports compression garments

Journal article


Ashby, Jack, Lewis, Martin, Sanchis-Sanchis, Roberto, Sunderland, Caroline, Barrett, Laura A. and Morris, John G. 2021. Customised pressure profiles of made-to-measure sports compression garments. Sports Engineering. 24 (1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-021-00350-5
AuthorsAshby, Jack, Lewis, Martin, Sanchis-Sanchis, Roberto, Sunderland, Caroline, Barrett, Laura A. and Morris, John G.
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to make made-to-measure compression garments that elicit pressures within and below clinical standards. The study also examined whether pressures and gradients can be replicated within and between participants’ legs, and between separate compression garment conditions. Ten males volunteered to participate. Based on three-dimensional scans of the participants’ lower body, three different made-to-measure garments were manufactured: control, symmetrical and asymmetrical. Garment pressures were assessed from the malleolus to the gluteal fold using a pressure monitoring device. A root mean squared difference analysis was used to calculate the in vivo linear graduation parameters. Linear regression showed that peak pressure at the ankle in the left and right leg were: control garment, 13.5 ± 2.3 and 12.9 ± 2.6; asymmetrical garment, 12.7 ± 2.5 and 26.3 ± 3.4; symmetrical garment, 27.7 ± 2.2 and 27.5 ± 1.6 (all mmHg, mean ± standard deviation). Pressure reduction from the ankle to the gluteal fold in the left and right leg were: control, 8.9 ± 3.5 and 7.4 ± 3.0; asymmetrical, 7.8 ± 3.9 and 21.9 ± 3.2; symmetrical, 25.0 ± 4.1 and 22.3 ± 3.6 (all mmHg, mean ± standard deviation). Made-to-measure compression garments can be made to elicit pressures within and below clinical standards, and to elicit equivalent pressures and gradients in different participants.

KeywordsMechanical Engineering; Modelling and Simulation; Biomedical Engineering
Year2021
JournalSports Engineering
Journal citation24 (1)
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
ISSN1369-7072
1460-2687
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-021-00350-5
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/625794
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/
hdl:10545/625794
Publication dates22 May 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited28 May 2021, 10:32
Accepted04 May 2021
Rights

Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

ContributorsNottingham Trent University, University of Derby, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain and Loughborough University
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