Towards optimising children's capability and tackling relative child poverty in high-income countries: the cases of Japan, Sweden and the UK since 2000

Journal article


Lee, S., Takeuchi, H. and Ivarsson, A. 2022. Towards optimising children's capability and tackling relative child poverty in high-income countries: the cases of Japan, Sweden and the UK since 2000. Global Health Action. 15 (1), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2022.2084230
AuthorsLee, S., Takeuchi, H. and Ivarsson, A.
Abstract

We question why child poverty still prevails even in high-income countries, such as Japan, Sweden and the UK. We address the intersection between social relations and individual experiences that should be considered when optimising children’s capability. The study is, therefore, aimed at exploring compensatory societal actions taken to optimise children’s capability among these affluent countries. In order to do so, we operationalised children’s capability by including key societal domains along with statistical indicators and variables from relevant sources.
A secondary quantitative method was adopted by drawing upon data sources from 2000 up to almost 2020 from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Bank and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), with these being complemented by governmental data. Given a lack of currently available and comparable data for those three countries, the four key societal domains were explored in an absolute descriptive analysis. It is obvious that child poverty prevailed over the focal 20 years in these three high-income countries. Also, the exploratory data analysis revealed a lack of sufficient supporting social services in each societal domain. This demonstrates that optimising children’s capability should not just be about subsidising economic resources, but also, supporting all initiatives aimed at addressing the lack of interactions between each domain of children’s capability. The study shows how essential it is to consider the societal compensatory measures along with supporting the financial circumstances. We argue that optimising children’s capability should not only be about subsidising economic resources, but also, ensuring adequate social resources and relations.

Keywordssocial resources ; child poverty; economic resources
Year2022
JournalGlobal Health Action
Journal citation15 (1), pp. 1-9
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISSN 1654-9880
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2022.2084230
Web address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/journals/zgha20
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online18 Jul 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted26 May 2022
Deposited19 Jul 2022
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