Women and Environmental Justice Issues in Nigeria: An Evaluation

Book chapter


Ekhator, E. and Obani, P. 2022. Women and Environmental Justice Issues in Nigeria: An Evaluation. in: Dawuni, J. J. (ed.) Intersectionality and Women’s Access to Justice Maryland Lexington Books.
AuthorsEkhator, E. and Obani, P.
EditorsDawuni, J. J.
Abstract

Historically, oil and gas exploration and production activities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria have continuously negatively impacted the livelihood and well-being of vulnerable groups, especially (rural) women. These activities directly affect the ability of women to source for food, water, wood energy, and other natural resources that traditionally support their provisioning, caregiving, and economic roles in society, leading to poverty and multidimensional socioeconomic challenges. Women, especially in the Niger Delta region, have been actively involved in seeking redress for the negative environmental impacts flowing from exploration and production activities in the oil and gas sector in Nigeria by adopting informal strategies in the form of protests. This chapter explores the effectiveness of women-led protests and recent judicial developments that indicate the prospects for improving women’s access to justice in Nigeria. This chapter argues that the women in the Niger Delta could adopt litigation, including foreign or cross-border litigation, as part of the formal strategies to improve access to environmental justice. Hence, one of the key arguments in this chapter is that akin to what occurs in other parts of the world, women in the Niger Delta could rely on litigation as one of the strategies to improve access to environmental justice. Methodology used for this chapter is doctrinal, consisting of analysis of relevant legislation, scholarly publications, and case reports through an environmental justice lens, with emphasis on gender aspects. The chapter is divided into five sections: 1.) conceptualizing the gender aspects of environmental justice in Nigeria; 2.) exploring women-led protests as a strategy for accessing environmental justice in the Niger Delta; 3.) analyzing litigation as an alternative strategy; 4.) considering the prospects for improving women’s access to environmental justice in Nigeria through litigation; and 5.) a conclusion.

KeywordsEnvironmental Justice; Women; Africa; Litigation; Protests
Year2022
Book titleIntersectionality and Women’s Access to Justice
PublisherLexington Books
Place of publicationMaryland
ISBN9781793632678
Web address (URL)https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781793632678/Intersectionality-and-Women%E2%80%99s-Access-to-Justice-in-Africa
File
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
OnlineOct 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted31 May 2022
Deposited09 Jan 2023
Permalink -

https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/98276/women-and-environmental-justice-issues-in-nigeria-an-evaluation

  • 4
    total views
  • 2
    total downloads
  • 4
    views this month
  • 2
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

The impact of COVID-19 on the socio-economic rights of older persons in Africa: The urgency of operationalising the Protocol on the Rights of Older Persons
Oamen, Philip and Ekhator, Eghosa 2021. The impact of COVID-19 on the socio-economic rights of older persons in Africa: The urgency of operationalising the Protocol on the Rights of Older Persons. African Human Rights Journal. https://doi.org/10.17159/1996-2096/2021/v21n2a31
Human rights and taxation in developing countries A case for tax justice and accountability in Africa
Ekhator, E., Onyejekwe, C and Richards, N 2022. Human rights and taxation in developing countries A case for tax justice and accountability in Africa. in: Olawuyi, D.S and Abe, O (ed.) Business and Human Rights Law and Practice in Africa Cheltenham and Camberley Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 126-149
Sustainable Development and the African Union Legal Order
Ekhator, Eghosa 2021. Sustainable Development and the African Union Legal Order. in: Oxford University Press.
Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals in Nigeria: Barriers, Prospects and Strategies
Ekhator, Eghosa, Miller, Servel and Etinosa, Igbinosa 2021. Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals in Nigeria: Barriers, Prospects and Strategies. Routledge.
Regional Economic Communities as the Building Blocs of the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement
Ajibo, Collins .C, Nwankwo, Chidebe .M and Ekhator, Eghosa 2021. Regional Economic Communities as the Building Blocs of the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement. Transnational Dispute Management (TDM).
Pre-colonial legal system in Africa: an assessment of indigenous laws of Benin kingdom before 1897
Ojo, Idahosa Osagie and Ekhator, Eghosa 2020. Pre-colonial legal system in Africa: an assessment of indigenous laws of Benin kingdom before 1897. Umewaen: Journal of Benin and Edo Studies.
Corporate social responsibility in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria: the case for a legalised framework
Ekhator, Eghosa and Iyiola-Omisore, Ibukun 2021. Corporate social responsibility in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria: the case for a legalised framework. in: Springer.
Pre-colonial Trade in Africa and International Law: Setting a Research Agenda
Nwankwo, Matthew C. and Ekhator, Eghosa 2021. Pre-colonial Trade in Africa and International Law: Setting a Research Agenda. AfronomicsLAW.
Transnational Litigation and Climate Change in Nigeria
Obani, Pedi and Ekhator, Eghosa 2021. Transnational Litigation and Climate Change in Nigeria. AfronomicsLAW.
Barriers to implementation of SDGs in Africa: the need for effective business and government collaboration
Ekhator, Eghosa 2019. Barriers to implementation of SDGs in Africa: the need for effective business and government collaboration. AfronomicsLaw Blog.
AfCFTA: An emergent concept of 'Lex Mercatoria Africana'?
Ekhator, Eghosa 2020. AfCFTA: An emergent concept of 'Lex Mercatoria Africana'? AfronomicsLaw Blog.
Women and access to environmental justice in Nigeria
Ekhator, Eghosa 2020. Women and access to environmental justice in Nigeria. Institute for African Women in Law.
AfCFTA and lex mercatoria: reconceptualising international trade law in Africa
Onyejekwe, Chisa and Ekhator, Eghosa 2020. AfCFTA and lex mercatoria: reconceptualising international trade law in Africa. Commonwealth Law Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1080/03050718.2020.1812097
International environmental governance: A case for sub-regional judiciaries in Africa
Ekhator, Eghosa Osa 2020. International environmental governance: A case for sub-regional judiciaries in Africa. in: Palgrave Macmillam.
Energy law and policy in Nigeria with reflection on the International Energy Charter and domestication of the African Charter
Ekhator, Eghosa and Agbaitoro, Godswill 2019. Energy law and policy in Nigeria with reflection on the International Energy Charter and domestication of the African Charter. in: Pretoria University Press.