Blockchain-based DDoS attack mitigation protocol for device-to-device interaction in smart homes

Journal article


Yakubu, M, Y., Khan, M. I., Khan, A., Jabeen, F. and Jeon, G. 2023. Blockchain-based DDoS attack mitigation protocol for device-to-device interaction in smart homes. Digital Communications and Networks. pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcan.2023.01.013
AuthorsYakubu, M, Y., Khan, M. I., Khan, A., Jabeen, F. and Jeon, G.
Abstract

Smart home devices are vulnerable to a variety of attacks. The matter gets more complicated when a number of devices
collaborate to launch a colluding attack (e.g. Distributed-Denial-of-Service (DDoS)) in a network (e.g., Smart home). To
handle these attacks, most studies have hitherto proposed authentication protocols that cannot necessarily be implemented in devices, especially during Device-to-Device (D2D) interactions. Tapping into the potential of Ethereum blockchain and smart contracts, this work proposes a lightweight authentication mechanism that enables safe D2D interactions in a smart home. The Ethereum blockchain enables the implementation of a decentralized prototype as well as a peer-to-peer distributed ledger system. The work also uses a single server queuing system model and the authentication mechanism to curtail DDoS attacks by controlling the number of service requests in the system. The simulation was conducted twenty times, each with varying number of devices chosen at random (ranging from 1 to 30). Each requester device sends an arbitrary request with a unique resource requirement at a time. This is done to measure the system’s consistency across a variety of device capabilities. The
experimental results show that the proposed protocol not only prevents colluding attacks, but also outperforms the benchmark protocols in terms of computational cost, message processing, and response time.

KeywordsDDoS Attack; Smart homes; Blockchain
Year2023
JournalDigital Communications and Networks
Journal citationpp. 1-15
PublisherElsevier
ISSN2352-8648
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcan.2023.01.013
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352864823000263?ref=cra_js_challenge&fr=RR-1
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online20 Jan 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted17 Jan 2023
Deposited30 Jan 2023
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