Integration of Distributed Generations in Smart Distribution Networks Using Multi-Criteria Based Sustainable Planning Approach

Journal article


Khalil, M. W., Altamimi, A., Kazmi, S. A. A., Khan, Z. A. and Shin, D. R. 2023. Integration of Distributed Generations in Smart Distribution Networks Using Multi-Criteria Based Sustainable Planning Approach. Sustainability. 15 (1), pp. 1-40. https://doi.org/10.3390/su15010384
AuthorsKhalil, M. W., Altamimi, A., Kazmi, S. A. A., Khan, Z. A. and Shin, D. R.
Abstract

Energy planning has become more complicated in the 21st century of sustainable development due to the inclusion of numerous standards such as techno-economic, and environmental considerations. This paper proposes multi-criteria sustainable planning (MCSP) based optimization approach for identifying DGs’ optimal allocations and rating powers. The main objectives of this paper are the reduction of the network’s total power loss, voltage profile improvement, energy loss saving maximization, and curtailing environmental emissions and water consumption to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs 3, 6, 7, 13, and 15) by taking the constraints into consideration. Different alternatives are evaluated across four aspects of performance indices; technical, cost-economic, environmental, and social (TEES). In terms of TEES performance evaluations, various multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approaches are used to determine the optimal trade-off among the available solutions. These methods are gaining wide acceptance due to their flexibility while considering all criteria and objectives concurrently. Annual energy loss saving is increased by 97.13%, voltage profile is improved to 0.9943 (p.u), and emissions are reduced by 82.45% using the proposed technique. The numerical results of the proposed MCSP approach are compared to previously published works to validate and may be used by researchers and energy planners as a planning tool for ADN schemes.

Keywordsmultiple-criteria decision-making; sustainable development; voltage profile; power loss; energy planning
Year2023
JournalSustainability
Journal citation15 (1), pp. 1-40
PublisherMDPI
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/su15010384
Web address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/15/1/384
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online26 Dec 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted23 Nov 2022
Deposited21 Feb 2023
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