Unexpected changes and associated factors of care burden among caregivers of cancer patients one year after COVID-19 outbreak

Journal article


Baraniak, A., Mirhosseini, S., Ameri, M., Grimwood, S., Basirinezhad, M. H. and Ebrahimi, H. 2023. Unexpected changes and associated factors of care burden among caregivers of cancer patients one year after COVID-19 outbreak. Heliyon. 9 (10), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e20504
AuthorsBaraniak, A., Mirhosseini, S., Ameri, M., Grimwood, S., Basirinezhad, M. H. and Ebrahimi, H.
Abstract

Purpose
The study aimed to evaluate the changes in the care burden and quality of life of caregivers of cancer patients and correlates of care burden during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods
This cross-sectional study used the census sampling technique with 260 cancer patients and their caregivers during January to March 2020 in northeast Iran. Data collection tools included the Novak and Guest Care Burden Scale, the SF-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire, and the Stress, Anxiety, and Depression Scale (DASS-21). Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (independent t-test and multiple linear regression analysis).

Results
Baseline scores of care burden and quality of life in caregivers suggested mild to moderate care burden and a reasonable quality of life and moderate levels of stress, anxiety, and depression in patients. The post-outbreak mean scores of care burden and quality of life significantly decreased and increased, respectively (p < .001). Regression analysis showed that 39.3% of the changes in the care burden score during the pandemic could be predicted by studied variables. In exchange for increasing the quality-of-life score and daily care hours, the care burden score decreases and increases. The burden of care in caregivers was also related to the type of cancer. Care burden in the caregivers of patients with breast and neurological malignancies was lower than the caregivers of patients with gastrointestinal cancer (p < .05).

Conclusion
Despite the results obtained, supportive and educational interventions are needed to reduce the caregiver burden and improve the quality of life of caregivers and measure its impact on levels of psychological distress in their patients clinically.

Keywordscaregivers; COVID-19; cancer
Year2023
JournalHeliyon
Journal citation9 (10), pp. 1-8
PublisherElsevier
ISSN2405-8440
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e20504
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405844023077125
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online28 Sep 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Sep 2023
Deposited09 Nov 2023
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https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/q2z44/unexpected-changes-and-associated-factors-of-care-burden-among-caregivers-of-cancer-patients-one-year-after-covid-19-outbreak

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