One-year changes in the prevalence and positive psychological correlates of depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic among medical science students in northeast of Iran

Journal article


Mirhosseini, Seyedmohammad, Grimwood, Samuel, Dadgari, Ali, Hasan Basirinezhad, Mohammad, Montazeri, Rasoul and Ebrahimi, Hossein 2022. One-year changes in the prevalence and positive psychological correlates of depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic among medical science students in northeast of Iran. Health Science Reports. 5 (1). https://doi.org/10.1002/hsr2.490
AuthorsMirhosseini, Seyedmohammad, Grimwood, Samuel, Dadgari, Ali, Hasan Basirinezhad, Mohammad, Montazeri, Rasoul and Ebrahimi, Hossein
Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed a significant psychological burden on many across society especially students studying medical sciences. This study intended to investigate the one-year changes in the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic among medical science students. A cross-sectional study in Shahroud, Iran administering a convenience sampling method (January to February 2021). Online self-reported questionnaires included Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Paloutzian-Ellison Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire, Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale and the University Student Depression Inventory. Data analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Independent t-test and Multiple Regression Analysis). A total of 306 medical science students were investigated in this study. The mean scores 1 year after the outbreak of COVID-19 were for depression (81.25 ± 26.04), spiritual well-being (80.98 ± 18.06), self-esteem (26.89 ± 2.20), and life satisfaction (19.68 ± 6.81). The results indicated that depression mean score was significantly higher in post outbreak assessment (71.92 ± 22.94 vs 81.25 ± 26.04) (P < .001). Fifty percentage of changes in depression can be predicted by studied variables. A high score of depression was directly associated with a higher level of self-esteem. Moreover, increased interest in the field, scores of spiritual well-being, and life satisfaction were inversely and significantly associated with depression. Iran's education system has been significantly affected, with the addition to the COVID-19 pandemic imposing a psychological burden such as depression, exacerbating this within medical science students compared to a year ago. Spiritual well-being and life satisfaction as positive psychology constructs were recognized as protective factors against depression during the pandemic. Spiritual and social support should be integrated in psychological interventions within university settings for medical science students.

KeywordsCOVID-19; COVID-19 pandemic; depression; medical students; spirituality; resilience
Year2022
JournalHealth Science Reports
Journal citation5 (1)
PublisherWiley
ISSN2398-8835
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/hsr2.490
Web address (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hsr2.490
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/626328
hdl:10545/626328
Output statusPublished
Publication dates12 Jan 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted12 Dec 2021
Deposited04 Mar 2022
Rights

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

ContributorsMashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran, University of Derby, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran and Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
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https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/93v3w/one-year-changes-in-the-prevalence-and-positive-psychological-correlates-of-depressive-symptoms-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-among-medical-science-students-in-northeast-of-iran

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