Halokinetically overprinted tectonic inversion of the Penobscot 3D volume offshore Nova Scotia, Canada

Journal article


Peace, A., Phethean, J., Jess, S. and Schiffer, .C 2024. Halokinetically overprinted tectonic inversion of the Penobscot 3D volume offshore Nova Scotia, Canada. Pure and Applied Geophysics. pp. 1-30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-024-03462-8
AuthorsPeace, A., Phethean, J., Jess, S. and Schiffer, .C
Abstract

Polyphase fault evolution through reactivation is a globally observed phenomenon on passive margins. These structures play a crucial role in petroleum systems, offer vital constraints on rift and passive margin kinematics, and, in certain instances, serve as global markers for far-field stresses. Despite the significance of reactivated faults, understanding their kinematic evolution, existence, extent, and interactions within fault populations is often limited. This underscores the need for comprehensive investigations, including considerations of halokinesis in this process. This study presents a structural interpretation of a relay ramp identified in the Penobscot 3D seismic reflection survey offshore Nova Scotia, Canada. The ramp is characterized by two major SSE-dipping faults accompanied by smaller antithetic and synthetic normal faults with a general ENE-WSW strike. The two major faults exhibit evidence of reverse deformation in their lower sections, transitioning to normal offsets in their upper portions. Smaller faults predominantly affect younger strata without evidence of reactivation. Fault throw analysis indicates coupled movement on the main faults during both reverse and normal deformation intervals. Structural analysis suggests that these structures initially formed as reverse faults due to halokinesis and were subsequently reactivated during oceanward salt migration. The timing of Atlantic margin halokinesis aligns broadly with previously documented large-scale kinematic reorganization periods, suggesting similar kinematic events triggered salt movements in the Penobscot area. The observed kinematic dichotomy at depth is crucial, highlighting the potential oversight of polyphase deformation in areas where seismic data only captures near-surface structures. Recognising salt's role in kinematic reactivation is vital, explaining inversion phenomena and generating economically important trapping structures globally. This study implies that reactivation of structures in passive margins may be more widespread than previously acknowledged, particularly if seismic data only captures upper portions of structures.

KeywordsPolyphase fault evolution; tectonic inversion; halokinesis; Nova Scotian Margin
Year2024
JournalPure and Applied Geophysics
Journal citationpp. 1-30
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1420-9136
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-024-03462-8
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00024-024-03462-8
Accepted author manuscript
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All rights reserved
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online15 Apr 2024
Publication process dates
Accepted05 Mar 2024
Deposited20 May 2024
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