Habitat quality affects sound production and likely distance of detection on coral reefs

Journal article


Piercy, Julius J. B., Codling, Edward A., Hill, Adam J., Smith, David J. and Simpson, Stephen D. 2014. Habitat quality affects sound production and likely distance of detection on coral reefs. Marine Ecology Progress Series. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps10986
AuthorsPiercy, Julius J. B., Codling, Edward A., Hill, Adam J., Smith, David J. and Simpson, Stephen D.
Abstract

The interwoven nature of habitats and their acoustic fingerprints (soundscapes) is being increasingly recognized as a key component of animal ecology. Natural soundscapes are crucial for orientation in many different taxa when seeking suitable breeding grounds or settlement habitats. In the marine environment, coral reef noise is an important navigation cue for settling reef fish larvae and is thus a possible driver of reef population dynamics. We explored reef noise across a gradient of reef qualities, tested sound propagation models against field recordings and combined them with fish audio grams to demonstrate the importance of reef quality in determining which reefs larvae are likely to detect. We found that higher-quality reefs were significantly louder and richer in acoustic events (transient content) than degraded reefs, and observed that sound propagated farther with less attenuation than predicted by classic models. We discuss how zones of detection of poor-quality reefs could be reduced by over an order of magnitude com-pared to healthy reefs. The present study provides new perspectives on the far reaching effects habitat degradation may have on organisms that utilize soundscapes for orientation towards or away from coral reefs, and highlights the value of sound recordings as a cost-effective reef survey and monitoring tool.

The interwoven nature of habitats and their acoustic fingerprints (soundscapes) is being increasingly recognized as a key component of animal ecology. Natural soundscapes are crucial for orientation in many different taxa when seeking suitable breeding grounds or settlement habitats. In the marine environment, coral reef noise is an important navigation cue for settling reef fish larvae and is thus a possible driver of reef population dynamics. We explored reef noise across a gradient of reef qualities, tested sound propagation models against field recordings and combined them with fish audio grams to demonstrate the importance of reef quality in determining which reefs larvae are likely to detect. We found that higher-quality reefs were significantly louder and richer in acoustic events (transient content) than degraded reefs, and observed that sound propagated farther with less attenuation than predicted by classic models. We discuss how zones of detection of poor-quality reefs could be reduced by over an order of magnitude com-pared to healthy reefs. The present study provides new perspectives on the far reaching effects habitat degradation may have on organisms that utilize soundscapes for orientation towards or away from coral reefs, and highlights the value of sound recordings as a cost-effective reef survey and monitoring tool.

KeywordsUnderwater; Acoustics; Coral reef; Marine biology
Year2014
JournalMarine Ecology Progress Series
ISSN0171-8630
1616-1599
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3354/meps10986
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/583124
hdl:10545/583124
Publication dates03 Dec 2014
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Deposited02 Dec 2015, 09:52
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Archived with thanks to Marine Ecology Progress Series

ContributorsUniversity of Essex, University of Derby and University of Exeter
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