Assessing risk factors for homicide victimisation in the Netherlands.

Conference Presentation


Ganpat, Soenita Minakoemarie, van der Leun, Joanne and Nieuwbeerta, Paul 2017. Assessing risk factors for homicide victimisation in the Netherlands.
AuthorsGanpat, Soenita Minakoemarie, van der Leun, Joanne and Nieuwbeerta, Paul
TypeConference Presentation
Abstract

This study explains why certain violent events end lethally while others do not. Is it on account of certain personal characteristics of those involved in these events – in particular, do offenders and/or victims have a criminal propensity, possibly reflected in their criminal history records? Or does it relate to certain immediate situational factors occurring during these incidents, such as weapon use, alcohol use, the presence of third parties or actors’ behaviour? Or does a combination of both types of factors – i.e., criminal history and immediate situational factors – play a key role in differentiating lethal from non-lethal violent events? Although these questions are important for the understanding of serious violence in general, so far criminologists have not often addressed these questions simultaneously. This study – conducted in The Netherlands – has been designed to start filling this gap by focusing on the relationship between offenders’ and victims’ criminal history, immediate situational factors and lethal versus non-lethal outcomes of violent events. Based on data from criminal records and court files, findings show that immediate situational factors appear to be the most influential factor that contribute to the outcome of violent events, even more so than offenders’ and victims’ characteristics.

This study explains why certain violent events end lethally while others do not. Is it on account of certain personal characteristics of those involved in these events – in particular, do offenders and/or victims have a criminal propensity, possibly reflected in their criminal history records? Or does it relate to certain immediate situational factors occurring during these incidents, such as weapon use, alcohol use, the presence of third parties or actors’ behaviour? Or does a combination of both types of factors – i.e., criminal history and immediate situational factors – play a key role in differentiating lethal from non-lethal violent events? Although these questions are important for the understanding of serious violence in general, so far criminologists have not often addressed these questions simultaneously. This study – conducted in The Netherlands – has been designed to start filling this gap by focusing on the relationship between offenders’ and victims’ criminal history, immediate situational factors and lethal versus non-lethal outcomes of violent events. Based on data from criminal records and court files, findings show that immediate situational factors appear to be the most influential factor that contribute to the outcome of violent events, even more so than offenders’ and victims’ characteristics.

KeywordsHomicide; Victims; Criminal history; Criminology
Year2017
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/622207
hdl:10545/622207
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Open
Publication dates01 Mar 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Feb 2018, 15:16
ContributorsNottingham Trent University and Leiden University
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https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/947zx/assessing-risk-factors-for-homicide-victimisation-in-the-netherlands

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