Violence and the crime drop

Journal article


Ganpat, Soenita, Garius, Laura, Andromachi, Tseloni and Tilley, Nick 2020. Violence and the crime drop. European Journal of Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1177/1477370820913456
AuthorsGanpat, Soenita, Garius, Laura, Andromachi, Tseloni and Tilley, Nick
Abstract

According to the Crime Survey for England and Wales, violence fell dramatically between 1995 and 2013/14. To improve understanding of the fall in violent crime, this study examines long-term crime trends in England and Wales over the past two decades, by scrutinizing the trends between (a) stranger and acquaintance violence (b) severity of violence, (c) age groups, and (d) sexes. It draws on nationally-representative, weighted data from the Crime Survey for England and Wales, and examines prevalence, incidence and crime concentration trends. The overall violence fall was driven by a decline in the victimisation of young individuals and/or males, perpetrated by acquaintances since 1995. Stranger and acquaintance violence followed different trajectories, with the former beginning to drop post 2003/04. Falls in both stranger and acquaintance violence incidence rates were led by fewer victims over time. Counting all incidents reported by the same victim (instead of capping at five incidents) significantly affects trends in stranger violence but not in acquaintance violence In relation to the distributive justice within the crime drop, this study provides unique evidence of equitable falls in acquaintance violence but inequitable falls in stranger violence. These findings highlight the need to examine violence types separately and point to a number of areas for future research.

KeywordsViolence trends, crime drop, age, sex, crime concentration, crime risk
Year2020
JournalEuropean Journal of Criminology
PublisherSage
ISSN1477-3708
1741-2609
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1477370820913456
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/624800
hdl:10545/624800
Publication dates15 May 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited22 May 2020, 09:45
Accepted26 Dec 2019
ContributorsUniversity of Derby, Nottingham Trent University and University College London
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