An odd “foreign policy couple”? Syria and Saudi Arabia 1970-1989

Journal article


Belcastro, Francesco 2019. An odd “foreign policy couple”? Syria and Saudi Arabia 1970-1989. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies. 22 (1), pp. 29-46. https://doi.org/10.1080/19448953.2020.1714270
AuthorsBelcastro, Francesco
Abstract

This paper analyses the alliance between Syria and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during the years 1970-1989. The relations between the two Arab powers were characterized by cooperation and support amid ideological and ‘structural’ differences. This was a stark contrast with the conflictual relations of the previous decade. The change was driven mainly by a reshaping in Syria’s regional policy. The new ‘realist’ foreign policy imposed by Hafiz Al-Assad created an overlapping of interests between Syria and the KSA. Riyadh valued Syria’s role in the region and used its support of Damascus vis-à-vis Israel as a tool to obtain domestic and regional legitimacy. On the other hand Syria benefited from the KSA’s generous economic and diplomatic help. This study will use an approach based on neoclassical realism to show how domestic and international factors led to these changes.

KeywordsInternational relations; Middle Eastern Countries; Syria and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Year2019
JournalJournal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies
Journal citation22 (1), pp. 29-46
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISSN1944-8953
1944-8961
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/19448953.2020.1714270
Web address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cjsb20/current
hdl:10545/623246
Publication dates22 Jan 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited21 Dec 2018, 11:24
Accepted2019
Accepted22 Sep 2018
ContributorsUniversity of Derby
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