A comprehensive review on the output voltage/power of wearable thermoelectric generators concerning their geometry and thermoelectric materials

Journal article


Soleimani, Zohreh, Zoras, Stamatis, Ceranic, Boris, Cui, yuanlong and Shahzad, Sally 2021. A comprehensive review on the output voltage/power of wearable thermoelectric generators concerning their geometry and thermoelectric materials. Nano Energy. 89, pp. 1-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.106325
AuthorsSoleimani, Zohreh, Zoras, Stamatis, Ceranic, Boris, Cui, yuanlong and Shahzad, Sally
Abstract

Wearable thermoelectric generators (TEGs) are considered as a promising power supply for low power wearable electronics. To obtain high thermoelectric (TE) generation, the focus should be on two main factors, including TE materials and the configurations of TE legs. Concerning these two factors, this paper provides a comprehensive review of recent studies on wearable TEGs. In general, TE materials can be classified into three categories, including inorganic, organic, and hybrid (inorganic-organic). In addition, the TE legs can be prepared in three different configurations, including ingot-shaped, film-shaped, and yarn-shaped. Based on the reviewed literatures, the superior output powers of all the three configurations were achieved by the inorganic, hybrid, and organic TE materials, respectively. It should be noted that the ingot- and the yarn-shaped legs were mostly composed of the inorganic and the organic TE materials, respectively. Whereas, all the three types of TE materials were almost equally used to prepare the film-shaped legs. Regarding power density, the ingot-shaped legs stood first followed by the film- and the yarn-shaped legs, respectively. Precisely, the output powers of the ingot- and the film-shaped legs were at µW/cm2 level, dropping to nW/cm2 for the yarn-shaped legs.

KeywordsEnergy harvesting; Wearable thermoelectric generators; Thermoelectric materials
Year2021
JournalNano Energy
Journal citation89, pp. 1-31
PublisherElsevier
ISSN2211-2855
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.106325
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.106325
hdl:10545/625905
Output statusPublished
Publication dates09 Jul 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited30 Jul 2021, 11:13
Accepted06 Jul 2021
ContributorsUniversity of Derby and University of Sheffield
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