Individual differences and rating errors in first impressions of psychopathy

Journal article


Gillen, Christopher T. A., Bergstrom, H. and Forth, Adelle E. 2016. Individual differences and rating errors in first impressions of psychopathy. Evolutionary Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/1474704916674947
AuthorsGillen, Christopher T. A., Bergstrom, H. and Forth, Adelle E.
Abstract

The current study is the first to investigate whether individual differences in personality are related to improved first impression accuracy when appraising psychopathy in female offenders from thin-slices of information. The study also investigated the types of errors laypeople make when forming these judgments. Sixty-seven undergraduates assessed 22 offenders on their level of psychopathy, violence, likability, and attractiveness. Psychopathy rating accuracy improved as rater extroversion-sociability and agreeableness increased and when neuroticism and lifestyle and antisocial characteristics decreased. These results suggest that traits associated with nonverbal rating accuracy or social functioning may be important in threat detection. Raters also made errors consistent with error management theory, suggesting that laypeople overappraise danger when rating psychopathy.

KeywordsPsychopathy; Personality differences; Error management theory; First impressions
Year2016
JournalEvolutionary Psychology
PublisherSage
ISSN14747049
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1474704916674947
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/621281
hdl:10545/621281
Publication dates2016
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Deposited21 Jan 2017, 12:25
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Archived with thanks to Evolutionary Psychology

ContributorsThe University of Southern Mississippi, University of Derby and Carleton University
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