Lead me to train better: transformational leadership’s moderation of the negative relationship between athlete personality and training behaviors

Journal article


Zhang, Shuge, Beattie, Stuart, Pitkethly, Amanda and Dempsey, Chelsey 2019. Lead me to train better: transformational leadership’s moderation of the negative relationship between athlete personality and training behaviors. The Sport Psychologist. 33 (2), pp. 119-128. https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2018-0055
AuthorsZhang, Shuge, Beattie, Stuart, Pitkethly, Amanda and Dempsey, Chelsey
Abstract

High-quality training environments are essential for athletic peak performance. However, recent research highlighted that athletes' personality characteristics could undermine effective training. The current set of studies aimed to examine whether specific transformational leadership characteristics displayed by the coach would moderate the potential negative impacts of two personality traits (i.e., extraversion and neuroticism) on training behaviours. In study 1, ninety-nine university athletes completed questionnaires assessing personality, transformational leadership, and training behaviours. In study 2, eighty-four high-level athletes completed the same personality and transformational leadership questionnaires. However, in study 2 the head coaches assessed athletes’ training behaviours. Both studies showed that coach high-performance expectations moderated the extraversion-distractibility relationship. Further, both studies also demonstrated that the relationship between neuroticism and coping with adversity was moderated by coach’s inspirational motivation. Our findings highlight that extraversion and neuroticism can negatively relate to training behaviours, but such effects can be moderated by certain transformational leadership behaviours.

KeywordsExtraversion; Neuroticism; High-quality Training; Inspiring Motivation; Performance Expectation
Year2019
JournalThe Sport Psychologist
Journal citation33 (2), pp. 119-128
PublisherHuman Kinetics
ISSN0888-4781
1543-2793
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2018-0055
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/624698
http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
hdl:10545/624698
Publication dates01 Jun 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited15 Apr 2020, 11:10
AcceptedNov 2018
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CC0 1.0 Universal

Manuscript has been published in a journal issue:
Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from The Sport Psychologist, 2019, 33: pp, 119-128, https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2018-0055. © Human Kinetics, Inc.

ContributorsBangor University and Edinburgh Napier University
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