I am great, but only when I also want to dominate: Maladaptive narcissism moderates the relationship between adaptive narcissism and performance under pressure

Journal article


Zhang, Shuge, Roberts, Ross, Woodman, Tim and Cooke, Andrew 2020. I am great, but only when I also want to dominate: Maladaptive narcissism moderates the relationship between adaptive narcissism and performance under pressure. Journal of sport & exercise psychology. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2019-0204
AuthorsZhang, Shuge, Roberts, Ross, Woodman, Tim and Cooke, Andrew
Abstract

Narcissism-performance research has focused on grandiose narcissism but has not examined the interaction between its so-called adaptive (reflecting over-confidence) and maladaptive (reflecting a domineering orientation) components. In this research, we tested interactions between adaptive and maladaptive narcissism using two motor tasks (basketball and golf in Experiments 1-2, respectively) and a cognitive task (letter transformation; Experiment 3). Across all experiments, adaptive narcissism predicted performance under pressure only when maladaptive narcissism was high. In the presence of maladaptive narcissism, adaptive narcissism also predicted decreased pre-putt time in Experiment 2 and an adaptive psychophysiological response in Experiment 3, reflecting better processing efficiency. Findings suggest that individuals high in both aspects of narcissism perform better under pressure thanks to superior task processing. In performance contexts, the terms “adaptive” and “maladaptive” – adopted from social psychology – are over-simplistic and inaccurate. We believe that self-inflated narcissism and dominant narcissism are better monikers for these constructs.

KeywordsGrandiose Narcissism; Self-inflated Narcissism; Dominant Narcissism; Self-enhancement; Processing Efficiency
Year2020
JournalJournal of sport & exercise psychology
PublisherHuman Kinetics
ISSN0895-2779
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2019-0204
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/624937
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
hdl:10545/624937
Publication datesAug 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited26 Jun 2020, 11:05
Accepted07 Apr 2020
Rights

Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

ContributorsBangor University and University of Derby
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