Reducing health risk factors in workplaces of low and middle-income countries.

Journal article


Anthony, Denis, Dyson, Pamela A., Lv, Jun, Thankappan, Kavumpurathu R. and Matthews, David R. 2015. Reducing health risk factors in workplaces of low and middle-income countries. Public Health Nursing.. https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.12189
AuthorsAnthony, Denis, Dyson, Pamela A., Lv, Jun, Thankappan, Kavumpurathu R. and Matthews, David R.
Abstract

Objective: To reduce risk factors in workplace settings in low- and middle-income countries. Design and Sample: Workplace interventions were utilized as part of the Community Interventions for Health program, a nonrandomized, controlled study undertaken in three communities in China, India, and Mexico. Exactly, 45 industrial, 82 health and 101 school workplace settings with a target population of 15,726. Two independent cross-sectional surveys of workers were conducted at baseline and follow-up, after 18–24 months of intervention activities. Measures: Culturally appropriate interventions to reduce tobacco use, increase physical activity, and improve dietary intake were delivered in the intervention areas. Results: Exactly, 12,136 adults completed surveys at baseline, and 9,786 at follow-up. In the intervention group, the prevalence of tobacco use reduced significantly in men (-6.0%, p < .001) and the proportion eating five portions of fruit and vegetables daily increased (+6.9%, p < .001) compared with the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups for changes in physical activity or prevalence of overweight. Conclusions: Workplace interventions improved risk factors in China, India, and Mexico.

Keywordscommunity interventions; diet; noncommunicable disease; obesity; physical activity; tobacco; workplace
Year2015
JournalPublic Health Nursing.
PublisherWiley
ISSN07371209
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.12189
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/623376
hdl:10545/623376
Publication dates19 Mar 2015
Publication process dates
Deposited24 Jan 2019, 18:57
Accepted2015
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Archived with thanks to Public Health Nursing

ContributorsUniversity of Leeds, Healthcare; University of Leeds; Leeds UK, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology & Metabolism; University of Oxford; Oxford UK, School of Public Health; Peking University Health Science Center; Beijing China, Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies; Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology; Trivandrum India, Fundación Interamericana del Corazón México; Mexico City Mexico and Harris Manchester College; University of Oxford; Oxford UK
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