Personality, Belief in a Just World, and Attitudes Toward Criminal Responsibility Defenses: A Preliminary Study

Journal article


Mooney, R. 2019. Personality, Belief in a Just World, and Attitudes Toward Criminal Responsibility Defenses: A Preliminary Study. Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice. 5 (1), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1108/jcrpp-09-2017-0028
AuthorsMooney, R.
Abstract

Purpose – In Canada, if it can be proven that a defendant was suffering from a mental disorder at the time they committed an offense, they can be found Not Criminally Responsible on Account of Mental Disorder (NCRMD). These cases are often decided by jury. The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of the dark triad (DT), social dominance orientation (SDO) and belief in a just world (BJW) on undergraduate students’ attitudes toward the NCRMD defense.
Design/methodology/approach – A total of 421 undergraduate students completed questionnaires measuring SDO and the DT. After being primed for high, low or neutral BJW, they indicated their attitudes toward NCRMD.
Findings – The BJW manipulation had no effect on attitudes. High-SDO/DT participants held less favorable attitudes toward NCRMD than participants who scored low on these variables, F(1, 420) = 20.65, p < 0.01, np2 = 0:05. Psychology and criminology students had significantly more favorable attitudes toward NCRMD than business students.
Practical implications – This study can be helpful in improving jury impartiality in trials involving mental
illness and criminal responsibility; assessment of SDO and the DT; awareness of career roles relating to insanity defense bias; and improving the voir dire process.
Originality/value – The results of this study may be used to improve the voir dire process in trials involving the issue of mental illness and criminal responsibility and to preserve the impartiality of the jurors selected for these trials.

KeywordsJustice; Offenders; Mental health/disorders; Courts; Dark triads; Belief in a just world; Criminal responsibility; Social dominance orientation
Year2019
JournalJournal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice
Journal citation5 (1), pp. 1-12
PublisherEmerald Insight
ISSN2056-3841
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1108/jcrpp-09-2017-0028
Web address (URL)https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/JCRPP-09-2017-0028/full/html
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online22 Feb 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited13 Feb 2023
Permalink -

https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/9wv66/personality-belief-in-a-just-world-and-attitudes-toward-criminal-responsibility-defenses-a-preliminary-study

Download files


Accepted author manuscript
Mooney 2019 - Author Accepted Manuscript.docx
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 24
    total views
  • 27
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

“I one-hundred thousand percent blame it on QAnon”: The impact of QAnon belief on interpersonal relationships
Mastroni, L. and Mooney, R. 2024. “I one-hundred thousand percent blame it on QAnon”: The impact of QAnon belief on interpersonal relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. https://doi.org/10.1177/02654075241246124
Gendered violence and sexualized representations in video games: (Lack of) effect on gender-related attitudes
Cross, L., Kaye, L. K., Savostijanovs, J., McLatchie, N., Johnston, M., Whiteman, L., Mooney, R. and Atherton, G. 2022. Gendered violence and sexualized representations in video games: (Lack of) effect on gender-related attitudes. New Media & Society. pp. 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1177/14614448221075736
Dark Triad traits, engagement with learning and perceptions of employability in undergraduate students
Mooney, R. 2022. Dark Triad traits, engagement with learning and perceptions of employability in undergraduate students. Industry and Higher Education. pp. 1-37. https://doi.org/10.1177/09504222221140829
Understanding interpersonal relationships and psychopathy
Mooney, R., Ireland, J. L. and Lewis, M. 2019. Understanding interpersonal relationships and psychopathy. Journal of forensic psychiatry and psychology. 30 (4), pp. 658-685. https://doi.org/10.1080/14789949.2019.1615102