From design to research: Upper limb prosthetic research and development in Canada, 1960-2000

Journal article


Foord, D. and Kyberd, P. 2015. From design to research: Upper limb prosthetic research and development in Canada, 1960-2000. Scientia Canadensis. 38 (1), pp. 50-71. https://doi.org/10.7202/1036042ar
AuthorsFoord, D. and Kyberd, P.
Abstract

This paper examines the history of the research and development (R&D) of myoelectric upper limb prosthesis in Canada from 1960 to 2000. It focuses on two of the prosthetic research and training units (PRTUs) that were created and funded by the federal government as a result of the thalidomide tragedy: the Rehabilitation Centre at the Ontario Crippled Children’s Centre (OCCC) and successor organizations, and the University of New Brunswick’s (UNB) Institute of Biomedical Engineering (the Institute or IBME). Both developed commercial systems for myoelectrically controlled arms and hands. We argue that, in contrast to the common view that research in universities and public research institutions has increasingly moved away from basic problems and to product
development and commercialization over the period, research in this field has moved in the opposite direction. We explore these cases in detail and examine the forces at work in this change from a design-oriented approach to one that became research intensive.

KeywordsUpper limb prosthetics, thalidomide, Canada, myoelectric prosthetics
Year2015
JournalScientia Canadensis
Journal citation38 (1), pp. 50-71
PublisherErudit
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.7202/1036042ar
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online07 Apr 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited01 Jun 2023
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