Improving pofessional observers’ veracity judgements by tactical interviewing

Journal article


Sandham, Alex, Dando, Coral, Bull, Ray and Ormerod, Tom 2020. Improving pofessional observers’ veracity judgements by tactical interviewing. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-020-09391-1
AuthorsSandham, Alex, Dando, Coral, Bull, Ray and Ormerod, Tom
Abstract

Understanding whether a person of interest is being truthful during an investigative interview is a constant challenge and is of concern to numerous criminal justice professionals, most of whom are not involved in conducting the interview itself. Here we investigated police observers’ veracity detection performance having viewed interviews with truthtellers and deceivers using either the Tactical Use of Evidence (TUE), Strategic Use of Evidence (TUE) or a Control technique. Thirty serving police officers participated as post interview observers and each viewed 12 interviews in a counterbalanced order. Immediately post each interview each officer made a veracity judgment. Overall, untrained police observers were significantly more accurate (68%) when making veracity judgments post TUE interviews whereas for both SUE and Control performance was around chance (51% and 48%, respectively). Veracity performance for liars and truthtellers revealed a similar pattern of results (67% liars; 70% truthtellers) in the TUE condition. These results lend further support to the psychological literature highlighting the importance of how and when to reveal evidence or any other relevant event information during an investigative interview for ‘outing’ deceivers as well as allowing truthtellers early opportunities to evidence their innocence.

KeywordsPolice Observers; Tactical Interviewing; Detecting Deception
Year2020
JournalJournal of Police and Criminal Psychology
PublisherSpringer
ISSN0882-0783
1936-6469
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-020-09391-1
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/624940
hdl:10545/624940
Publication dates25 Jun 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited29 Jun 2020, 07:45
Accepted07 Jun 2020
ContributorsUniversity of Gloucestershire, University of Westminster, University of Derby and University of Sussex
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