Enhancing the cognitive interview with an alternative procedure to witness-compatible questioning: category clustering recall

Journal article


Paulo, Rui M., Albuquerque, Pedro B., Vitorino, Fabiana and Bull, Ray 2017. Enhancing the cognitive interview with an alternative procedure to witness-compatible questioning: category clustering recall. Psychology, Crime & Law. https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2017.1351966
AuthorsPaulo, Rui M., Albuquerque, Pedro B., Vitorino, Fabiana and Bull, Ray
Abstract

The Cognitive Interview (CI) is one of the most widely studied and used methods to interview witnesses. However, new component techniques for further increasing correct recall are still crucial. We focused on how a new and simpler interview strategy, Category Clustering Recall (CCR), could increase recall in comparison with witness-compatible questioning and tested if a Revised Cognitive Interview (RCI) with CCR instead of witness-compatible questioning and without the change order and change perspective mnemonics would be effective for this purpose. Participants watched a mock robbery video and were interviewed 48 hours later with either the CI or the RCI. Recalled information was classified as either correct, incorrect or confabulation. Although exclusion of the change order and change perspective mnemonics in the RCI group might have caused a slight decrease in recall during the last interview phases, the RCI group generally produced more correct information than the CI group, with a lower number of confabulations. Further analyses revealed CCR was largely responsible for this increase in correct recall. CCR is a very promising interview technique which allowed the interviewer to obtain more detailed information without additional questions and may have, in certain situations, several practical advantages over a questioning phase.

KeywordsCognitive interview; Category clustering recall; Witness compatible questioning; Change
Year2017
JournalPsychology, Crime & Law
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISSN1068316X
14772744
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2017.1351966
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/621783
hdl:10545/621783
Publication dates20 Jul 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited31 Jul 2017, 09:32
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ContributorsBath Spa University, University of Minho, University of Derby, College of Liberal Arts, Bath Spa University, Bath, UK, School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal, School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal and School of Law and Criminology, University of Derby, Derby, UK
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