A chronology of alluvial fan response to Late Quaternary sea level and climate change, Crete

Journal article


Pope, Richard J.J., Candy, Ian and Skourtsos, Emmanuel 2017. A chronology of alluvial fan response to Late Quaternary sea level and climate change, Crete. Quaternary Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2016.06.003
AuthorsPope, Richard J.J., Candy, Ian and Skourtsos, Emmanuel
Abstract

To better understand how fluvial systems respond to late Quaternary climatic forcing OSL and U-series dating was applied to stratigraphically significant sedimentary units within a small (<6.5 km) alluvial fan system (the Sphakia fan) in southwest Crete. The resultant chronology (comprising 32 OSL and U-series ages) makes Sphakia fan one of the best dated systems in the Mediterranean and suggests that Cretan fans responded to climate in two ways. First, during the transitions between Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5a/4 and MIS 2/1 Sphakia fan was characterised by significant entrenchment and distal shift in the zone of deposition. It is proposed that the phases of entrenchment were driven by sea level induced base level fall during MIS 5a/4 and landscape stabilisation during the onset of the current interglacial (MIS 2/1). Second, with the exception of these two entrenchment episodes fan alluviation occurred across the entire last interglacial/glacial cycle in all climatic settings i.e. interglacials, interstadials and stadials. It is likely that the topographic setting of the catchment supplying sediment to Sphakia fan maintained high sediment transfer rates during most climatic settings enabling fan aggradation to occur except during major climatic driven transitions i.e. major sea level fall and postglacial vegetation development.

KeywordsClimate change; Alluvial fans; OSL; U-series dating; southwest Crete
Year2017
JournalQuaternary Research
ISSN0033-5894
1096-0287
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2016.06.003
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/623038
hdl:10545/623038
Publication dates20 Jan 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited13 Oct 2018, 22:29
Rights

Archived with thanks to Quaternary Research

ContributorsUniversity of Derby, Royal Holloway, University of London and University of Athens
File
File Access Level
Open
File
File Access Level
Open
Permalink -

https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/93016/a-chronology-of-alluvial-fan-response-to-late-quaternary-sea-level-and-climate-change-crete

Download files

  • 8
    total views
  • 2
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

European Glacial Landscapes
Pope, R., Philip Hughes, James Allard and Jamie Woodward Palacios, D., García-Ruiz, J. M., Hughes, P. D. and Andrés, N. (ed.) European Glacial Landscapes. Elsevier.
Paleo-denudation rates suggest variations in runoff drove aggradation during last glacial cycle, Crete, Greece
Ott, R.F., Scherler, D., Wegmann, K.W., D’Arcy, M.K., Pope, R., Ivy-Ochs, S, Christl, M., Vockenhuber, C and Rittenour, T.M. 2022. Paleo-denudation rates suggest variations in runoff drove aggradation during last glacial cycle, Crete, Greece. Earth Surfaces Process and Landforms. pp. 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.5492
The Balkans: glacial landforms during deglaciation
Hughes, P.D., Allard, J., Woodward, J. and Pope, R. 2022. The Balkans: glacial landforms during deglaciation. in: Palacios, D., Hughes, P. D., García-Ruiz, J. M. and Andrés, N. (ed.) European Glacial Landscapes: The Last Deglaciation Amsterdam, Netherlands Elsevier. pp. 221-231
Prospectivity mapping for high sulfidation epithermal porphyry deposits using an integrated compositional and topographic remote sensing dataset
Ganas, Athanassios, Pope, Richard and Ferrier, Graham 2019. Prospectivity mapping for high sulfidation epithermal porphyry deposits using an integrated compositional and topographic remote sensing dataset. Ore Geology Reviews. 107, pp. 353-363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2019.02.029
Prospectivity Mapping for Epithermal Deposits of Western Milos Using a Fuzzy Multi Criteria Evaluation Approach Parameterized by Airborne Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Data
Ferrier, Graham, Ganas, Athanassios, Pope, Richard and Miles, A. Jo 2019. Prospectivity Mapping for Epithermal Deposits of Western Milos Using a Fuzzy Multi Criteria Evaluation Approach Parameterized by Airborne Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Data. Geosciences. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9030116
Potential of Retrofitting Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems Using an Integrated Geographical Information System Remote Sensing Based Approach
Ferrier, G., Milan, D., Keat Yew, C. and Pope, R.J. 2018. Potential of Retrofitting Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems Using an Integrated Geographical Information System Remote Sensing Based Approach. Geoinformatics & Geostatistics: An Overview.
Glacial history of Mt Chelmos, Peloponnesus, Greece
Pope, R. J., Hughes, P. D. and Skourtsos, E. 2015. Glacial history of Mt Chelmos, Peloponnesus, Greece. Geological Society, London, Special Publications. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP433.11
Identification of multi-style hydrothermal alteration using integrated compositional and topographic remote sensing datasets
Ferrier, Graham, Naden, Jon, Ganas, Athanassios, Kemp, Simon and Pope, Richard J. J. 2016. Identification of multi-style hydrothermal alteration using integrated compositional and topographic remote sensing datasets. Geosciences. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences6030036
Clarifying stages of alluvial fan evolution along the Sfakian
Pope, Richard J. J., Wilkinson, K., Skourtsos, E., Triantaphyllou, M. and Ferrier, Graham 2013. Clarifying stages of alluvial fan evolution along the Sfakian. Geomorphology.
Quantitative mapping of alluvial fan evolution using ground-based reflectance spectroscopy
Ferrier, Graham and Pope, Richard J. J. 2012. Quantitative mapping of alluvial fan evolution using ground-based reflectance spectroscopy. Geomorphology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2012.06.013
Oxygen and carbon isotopic composition of Quaternary meteoric carbonates from western and southern Europe: their role in palaoenvironmental reconstruction
Candy, I., Adamson, K., Gallant, C.E., Whitfield, E. and Pope, Richard J. J. 2013. Oxygen and carbon isotopic composition of Quaternary meteoric carbonates from western and southern Europe: their role in palaoenvironmental reconstruction. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.12.017
Characterisation of the environmental impact of the Rodalquilar Mine, Spain by ground-based reflectance spectroscopy
Ferrier, Graham, Hudson-Edwards, K. and Pope, Richard J. J. 2008. Characterisation of the environmental impact of the Rodalquilar Mine, Spain by ground-based reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Geochemical Exploration.