Characterising the vulnerability of fishing households to climate and environmental change: Insights from Ghana

Journal article


Koomson, Daniel, Davies-Vollum, S. and Raha, D. 2020. Characterising the vulnerability of fishing households to climate and environmental change: Insights from Ghana. Marine Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104142
AuthorsKoomson, Daniel, Davies-Vollum, S. and Raha, D.
Abstract

Rural coastal communities in the global south are mostly natural resource-dependent and their livelihoods are therefore vulnerable to the impacts of climate and environmental changes. Efforts to improve their adaptive capacity often prove mal-adaptive due to misunderstanding the dynamics of the unique socioeconomic factors that shape their vulnerability. By integrating theories from climate change vulnerability and the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach, this study draws upon household survey data from a fishing community in Ghana to assess the vulnerability of fishing households to climate change and explore how their vulnerability is differentiated within the community. The findings suggest that household incomes in the last decade have reduced significantly, attributable to an interaction of both climatic and non-climatic factors. Analysis of the characteristics of three vulnerability groups derived by quantile clustering showed that the most vulnerable household group is not necessarily women or poorer households as expected. Rather, it is dynamic and includes all gender and economic class categories in varying proportions depending on the success or failure of the fishing season. The findings suggest furthermore that the factors that significantly differentiates vulnerability between households differ, depending on whether households are categorised by economic class, gender of household-head or vulnerability group. Consequently, the study highlights the importance of looking beyond existing social categorizations like gender and economic classes when identifying and prioritizing households for climate change adaptive capacity building.

KeywordsGhana; Fishing; Vulnerability; Adaptive capacity; Climate change
Year2020
JournalMarine Policy
PublisherElseiver
ISSN0308-597X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104142
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/625096
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
hdl:10545/625096
Publication dates27 Jul 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited19 Aug 2020, 10:11
Accepted19 Jul 2020
Rights

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

ContributorsUniversity of Derby
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