Electrophysiological study of the violence inhibition mechanism in relation to callous-unemotional and aggressive traits.

Journal article


Fido, Dean, Santo, Miguel G.E., Bloxsom, Claire A.J., Gregson, Michael and Sumich, Alexander L. 2017. Electrophysiological study of the violence inhibition mechanism in relation to callous-unemotional and aggressive traits. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.049
AuthorsFido, Dean, Santo, Miguel G.E., Bloxsom, Claire A.J., Gregson, Michael and Sumich, Alexander L.
Abstract

The violence inhibition mechanism (VIM) proposes that observing another’s distress inhibits responses that can lead to violent behaviour. Dysfunction of this system is associated with disorders characterised by aggressive and callous-unemotional traits, such as psychopathy. This study examines electrophysiological indices of face processing and motor extinction, in the context of aggressive and callous-unemotional traits. Fifty-four participants completed the inventory of callous and unemotional traits, the aggression questionnaire, and a Facial Affect Stop-Go task whereby facial distress was used as stop signals. Uncaring traits inversely associated with N170 amplitude across all facial expressions and aggressive traits inversely associated with Stop-P300 amplitude to facial distress. The N170 and Stop-P300 might provide useful electrophysiological markers for deficits across face processing and motor extinction stages of the VIM, respectively.

KeywordsDistress processing; Healthy adults; Motor extinction; Electrophysiology; Aggression; Callous-unemotional traits
Year2017
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
PublisherElsevier
ISSN01918869
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.049
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/622465
hdl:10545/622465
Publication dates04 Aug 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Mar 2018, 14:41
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ContributorsNottingham Trent University, University of Oxford and University of Nottingham
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