The Role of Future Time Perspective, Body Awareness, and Social Connectedness in the Relationship Between Self-efficacy and Resilience

Journal article


O’Neill, Ellsy, Clarke, Philip, Fido, Dean and Vione, Katia Correa 2020. The Role of Future Time Perspective, Body Awareness, and Social Connectedness in the Relationship Between Self-efficacy and Resilience. Mental Health Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00434-6
AuthorsO’Neill, Ellsy, Clarke, Philip, Fido, Dean and Vione, Katia Correa
Abstract

Defined as the successful adaptation to dynamic environments, resilience is considered a
cornerstone of mental health. However, with the underpinnings of resilience not yet fully
understood, this manuscript tests the potential contribution of self-efficacy and
embeddedness on resilience (explored through validated measures of future time perspective,
body awareness, and social connectedness). The convenience sample of 18-to-77-yearold
adults included 297 individuals, ofwhich 36 were men and 171 were female. Participants
completed online surveys composed of fifty-two questions in total, measuring self-efficacy,
resilience, social connectedness, FTP, and body awareness. Resilience was positively related
to self-efficacy, future time perspective, and social connectedness—but not to body
awareness—and self-efficacy was positively associated with indices of embeddedness.
Considering these correlations, and that only self-efficacy significantly predicted resilience,
an exploratory model was proposed to test whether embeddedness directly predicted selfefficacy,
and whether self-efficacy directly predicted resilience. Structural Equation Modelling
suggested a good fit of this model, elucidating the interplay of psychological mechanisms
underlying resilience. Thus, we identify potential variables of interest for clinical
interventions aimed at increasing resilience and self-efficacy. Theoretical implications and
future research are suggested based on these findings.

KeywordsPsychiatry and Mental health; Self-efficacy; Resilience; Future Time Perspective; Body Awareness; Social Connectedness
Year2020
JournalMental Health Addiction
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
ISSN1557-1874
1557-1882
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00434-6
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/626216
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
hdl:10545/626216
Publication dates23 Nov 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited21 Jan 2022, 10:29
Accepted11 Nov 2020
ContributorsUniversity of Derby
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