Decisional and emotional forgiveness scales: Psychometric validity and correlates with personality and vengeance

Journal article


Cavalcanti, Thiago Medeiros, de Holanda Coelho, Gabriel Lins, Rezende, Alessandro Teixeira, C. Vione, Katia and Gouveia, Valdiney Veloso 2018. Decisional and emotional forgiveness scales: Psychometric validity and correlates with personality and vengeance. Applied Research in Quality of Life. 14, p. 1247–1264. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-018-9653-9
AuthorsCavalcanti, Thiago Medeiros, de Holanda Coelho, Gabriel Lins, Rezende, Alessandro Teixeira, C. Vione, Katia and Gouveia, Valdiney Veloso
Abstract

Forgiveness is an internal process to overcome negative aspects (e.g., anger, bitterness, resentment) towards an offender, being associated to a range of variables (e.g., well-being, quality of loving relationships, resilience). Forgiveness can happen through two different types: (1) decisional, which is a behavioural modification to reduce direct hostility; and (2) emotional, which is a transformation of negative emotions into positive. The current research aimed to gather psychometric evidences for the Decisional Forgiveness Scale (DFS) and the Emotional Forgiveness Scale (EFS), using a Brazilian sample. Two studies were conducted. In Study 1 (n = 181), the bifactorial structures were replicated, also providing satisfactory reliability levels. Through Item Response Theory, results indicated good discrimination, difficulty levels, and considerable information to all the items from both measures. In Study 2 (n = 220), confirmatory factor analyses confirmed their structure, presenting good model fit. The measures were also invariant regarding participants’ gender. Finally, the measures presented significant results when correlated to personality and vengeance. In sum, the instruments demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties, evidencing the possibility of their use in the respective context.

KeywordsForgiveness; Validation; Emotions
Year2018
JournalApplied Research in Quality of Life
Journal citation14, p. 1247–1264
PublisherSpringer
ISSN18712584
18712576
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-018-9653-9
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11482-018-9653-9
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/622844
hdl:10545/622844
Output statusPublished
Publication dates22 Jul 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited27 Jul 2018
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Archived with thanks to Applied Research in Quality of Life

ContributorsFederal University of Paraiba, Cardiff University and University of Derby
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