Soot volume fraction measurements over laminar pool flames of biofuels, diesel and blends

Journal article


Tian, Bo, Chong, C.T., Fan, L., Ng, J.-H., Zhang, C. and Hochgreb, S. 2018. Soot volume fraction measurements over laminar pool flames of biofuels, diesel and blends. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. 37 (1), pp. 877-884. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2018.05.094
AuthorsTian, Bo, Chong, C.T., Fan, L., Ng, J.-H., Zhang, C. and Hochgreb, S.
Abstract

Biodiesel and blends with petroleum diesel have shown their potential as renewable alternative fuels for engines, with additional benefits of low particulate matter and low sulfate emissions. In this paper we measure the soot volume fraction produced by three different methyl esters processed biodiesels (extracted from palm (PME), soy (SME) and coconut (CME)), and their blends with petroleum diesel, in a series of co-flow stabilized laminar pool flames, using laser induced-incandescence (LII) and laser extinction optical methods. The soot volume fraction measurement results show that all neat biodiesels produce only up to 33% of the total soot volume compared to pure diesel, and that the total soot volume correlates directly with the degree of unsaturation of the biodiesels. Blending leads to approximately linear behaviour of total soot volume, with a shift in slope with smaller sensitivity towards neat diesel.

KeywordsPhysical and Theoretical Chemistry; Mechanical Engineering; General Chemical Engineering
Year2018
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Journal citation37 (1), pp. 877-884
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN1540-7489
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2018.05.094
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/624861
https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/
hdl:10545/624861
Publication dates25 Jun 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited03 Jun 2020, 09:14
Accepted15 May 2018
Rights

© 2018 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

ContributorsUniversity of Cambridge, UTM Centre for Low Carbon Transport in cooperation with Imperial College London, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia and University of Southampton Malaysia Campus (USMC), Iskandar Puteri, Johor, Malaysia
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