The spatial and temporal development of British prisons from 1901 to the present: The role of de-industrialisation

Journal article


Farrall, S., Jones, P. and Gray, E. 2022. The spatial and temporal development of British prisons from 1901 to the present: The role of de-industrialisation. European Journal of Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1177/14773708221115159
AuthorsFarrall, S., Jones, P. and Gray, E.
Abstract

This paper combines archival data and statistical analysis to investigate the context-specific ways that prisons expanded and affected communities in the UK, focusing closely on the role of the UK’s political economy. We present evidence of a significant increase of prisons in the counties where the coal-mining industry was dismantled during the 1980s and 1990s. We identify former coal-mining areas based on the methodology used by Beatty and Fothergill (1996) and test if more prisons were opened in former coal-mining areas than non-coal-mining areas per capita post-closures. Using Poisson regression analyses and controlling for population changes, we found that coal-mining counties were significantly more likely to acquire a new prison between 1981 and 2001 than those areas who were not affected by de-industrialisation. We apply Derrida’s thinking on hauntology to reexamine the spatial legacy of Thatcherism in these communities as a means to understand history and culture, and the unraveling of the past, present and future.

KeywordsThatcherism; Geography; Prisons; Prison Building; Politics; Neoliberalism; Hauntology
Year2022
JournalEuropean Journal of Criminology
PublisherSAGE Journals
ISSN1477-3708
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/14773708221115159
Web address (URL)https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/14773708221115159
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online24 Aug 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted30 Jun 2022
Deposited25 Aug 2022
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