Teammate influences on the eating attitudes and behaviours of athletes: A systematic review

Journal article


Scott, C., Haycraft, E. and Plateau, C. 2019. Teammate influences on the eating attitudes and behaviours of athletes: A systematic review. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 43, pp. 183-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.02.006
AuthorsScott, C., Haycraft, E. and Plateau, C.
Abstract

It has been well documented that athletes are at an increased risk of developing disordered eating attitudes and behaviours. Over the last two decades, researchers have focused their attention on how teammates may influence athletes’ eating attitudes and behaviours. To systematically review the literature relating to teammate influences on athletes’ eating attitudes and behaviours. A systematic literature search of the SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO and MEDLINE databases was conducted. Qualitative and quantitative studies were included if they met the following inclusion criteria: (1) examined the relationship between teammate influence and eating attitudes and/or behaviours; (2) sampled actively training athletes; (3) written in English; and (4) published in a peer-reviewed academic journal. Twenty-four studies were included (n = 13 quantitative, n = 11 qualitative). Included studies were found to be of good or reasonable quality. Mechanisms of influence were categorised as (1) Teammate support (e.g., supportive teammate friendships, promotion of healthy eating practices, vigilance against disordered eating), and (2) Teammate pressure (e.g., conflicting teammate friendships, critical comments and appearance conversations, maladaptive team norms, and competitive comparisons). Teammates are an important source of influence on athlete eating attitudes and behaviours and these influences can be protective against, or engender an increased risk for, disordered eating. Additional, prospective research is required to enhance understanding of the mechanisms of teammate influences and to inform the development of interventions to reduce disordered eating among athletes.

KeywordsDisordered eating; Wellbeing ; Sport; Social comparison; Social norms ; Athlete
Year2019
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Journal citation43, pp. 183-194
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1469-0292
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.02.006
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.02.006
https://repository.lboro.ac.uk/articles/journal_contribution/Teammate_influences_on_the_eating_attitudes_and_behaviours_of_athletes_A_systematic_review/9611372
Output statusPublished
Publication dates22 Feb 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted12 Feb 2019
Deposited07 Jul 2022
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