Teammate influences and relationship quality are associated with eating and exercise psychopathology in athletes

Journal article


Scott, C., Haycraft, E. and Plateau, C. 2019. Teammate influences and relationship quality are associated with eating and exercise psychopathology in athletes. Appetite. 143, pp. 1-10.. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.104404
AuthorsScott, C., Haycraft, E. and Plateau, C.
Abstract

Teammates have a powerful influence on athletes' eating attitudes/behaviours, but less is known about the relative importance of teammate influence mechanisms. The primary aim of this study was to explore the relationships and predictive associations between teammate influences (e.g., modelling of teammates' disordered eating; supportive teammate friendships) and athletes’ eating and exercise attitudes and behaviours. A further aim was to identify the presence of any gender differences. Athletes (N = 1172, mean age 24 years, n = 727 female) completed a survey exploring multiple teammate influences, eating and exercise attitudes and behaviours, and psychological wellbeing (anxiety, depression, self-esteem). Many significant relationships were identified between teammate influences and eating/exercise psychopathology. Stepwise regression analysis revealed that a perceived pressure from teammates to lose weight/change shape and perceptions that teammates engaged in disordered eating practices were the best predictors of higher eating and exercise psychopathology. Supportive teammate friendships was the best predictor of lower eating psychopathology and higher levels of healthy exercise behaviours. Encouragement/discouragement to eat healthily were also significant predictors. Teammate influences explained more variance in exercise than eating psychopathology, and total variance explained by teammates was higher for females compared to males. Teammates may have a positive and negative influence on the eating and exercise attitudes/behaviours of athletes; however, gender differences are apparent. Understanding teammate influences on the eating and exercise practices of athletes is important for the development of team-based interventions to reduce or prevent disordered eating and exercise. Future research should explore these relationships longitudinally, considering the role of moderating factors (e.g., sport type, stage of season).

KeywordsDisordered eating; Compulsive exercise; Teammate
Year2019
JournalAppetite
Journal citation143, pp. 1-10.
PublisherElsevier
ISSN 0195-6663
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.104404
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.104404
https://repository.lboro.ac.uk/articles/journal_contribution/Teammate_influences_and_relationship_quality_are_associated_with_eating_and_exercise_psychopathology_in_athletes/9604508
Output statusPublished
Publication dates14 Aug 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted13 Aug 2019
Deposited07 Jul 2022
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https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/97q10/teammate-influences-and-relationship-quality-are-associated-with-eating-and-exercise-psychopathology-in-athletes

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