High thermal conductivity of porous graphite/paraffin composite phase change material with 3D porous graphite foam

Journal article


Xueming Yang, Chunbo Li, YongFu Ma, He Chi, Zongjie Hu and Jianfei Xie 2023. High thermal conductivity of porous graphite/paraffin composite phase change material with 3D porous graphite foam. Chemical Engineering Journal. 473, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2023.145364
AuthorsXueming Yang, Chunbo Li, YongFu Ma, He Chi, Zongjie Hu and Jianfei Xie
Abstract

Phase change materials (PCMs) are widely used in the field of thermal management and energy storage, but both low thermal conductivity and leakage problem limit their broad applications. In this work, a 3D porous graphite (PG) foam was prepared by a pressing and drying method with solid mixture of graphite powder and ammonium bicarbonate (NH4HCO3), and it was used as the thermal conductive skeleton and shape stabilizer of PCMs. PG/paraffin composite PCMs (CPCMs) were then prepared by the vacuum impregnation of liquid paraffin into PG foam. It showed that the skeleton of 3D PG foam greatly improves the thermal conductivity of CPCMs. The prepared PG/paraffin CPCMs exhibited an ultra-high thermal conductivity of 19.27 Wm-1K−1 at a volume fraction 35.55% of graphite, which is about 76.08 times higher than that of paraffin. The heat conduction mechanism of the PG/paraffin CPCMs are analyzed, and it is found that Maxwell-Eucken model can be used to accurately predict its thermal conductivity. Moreover, the CPCMs show good performance of thermal shape stability and exhibit superior anti-leakage characteristic. The proposed method for the preparation of 3D PG foam is robust, and the excellent performance of their based CPCMs will be promising in the field of heat dissipation and thermal storage.

KeywordsPorous graphite foam; Composite phase change material; Thermal conductivity
Year2023
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Journal citation473, pp. 1-9
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1385-8947
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2023.145364
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2023.145364
Accepted author manuscript
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Output statusPublished
Publication dates11 Aug 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted09 Aug 2023
Deposited30 Aug 2023
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