Correlates of genetic monogamy in socially monogamous mammals: insights from Azara's owl monkeys

Journal article


Huck, Maren, Fernández-Duque, Eduardo, Babb, Paul and Schurr, Theodore 2014. Correlates of genetic monogamy in socially monogamous mammals: insights from Azara's owl monkeys. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2014.0195
AuthorsHuck, Maren, Fernández-Duque, Eduardo, Babb, Paul and Schurr, Theodore
Abstract

Understanding the evolution of mating systems, a central topic in evolutionary biology for more than 50 years, requires examining the genetic consequences of mating and the relationships between social systems and mating systems. Among pair-living mammals, where genetic monogamy is extremely rare, the extent of extra-group paternity rates has been associated withmale participation in infant care, strength of the pair bond and length of the breeding season. This study evaluated the relationship between two of those factors and the genetic mating system of socially monogamous mammals, testing predictions that male care and strength of pair bond would be negatively correlated with rates of extra-pair paternity (EPP). Autosomal microsatellite analyses provide evidence for genetic monogamy in a pair-living primate with bi-parental care, the Azara’s owl monkey (Aotus azarae). A phylogenetically corrected generalized least square analysis was used to relate male care and strength of the pair bond to their genetic mating system (i.e. proportions of EPP) in 15 socially monogamous mammalian species. The intensity of male care was correlated with EPP rates in mammals, while strength of pair bond failed to reach statistical significance. Our analyses showthat, once social monogamy has evolved, paternal care, and potentially also close bonds, may facilitate the evolution of genetic monogamy.

Understanding the evolution of mating systems, a central topic in evolutionary biology for more than 50 years, requires examining the genetic consequences of mating and the relationships between social systems and mating systems.
Among pair-living mammals, where genetic monogamy is extremely rare, the extent of extra-group paternity rates has been associated withmale participation in infant care, strength of the pair bond and length of the breeding season. This study evaluated the relationship between two of those factors and the genetic mating system of socially monogamous mammals, testing predictions that male care and strength of pair bond would be negatively correlated with rates of extra-pair paternity (EPP). Autosomal microsatellite analyses provide evidence for genetic monogamy in a pair-living primate with bi-parental care, the Azara’s owl monkey (Aotus azarae). A phylogenetically
corrected generalized least square analysis was used to relate male care and strength of the pair bond to their genetic mating system (i.e. proportions of EPP) in 15 socially monogamous mammalian species. The intensity of male care was correlated with EPP rates in mammals, while strength of pair bond failed to reach statistical significance. Our analyses showthat, once social monogamy has evolved, paternal care, and potentially also close bonds, may facilitate the evolution of genetic monogamy.

KeywordsAotus azarai; Extra-pair paternity; Mating system; Paternal care; Pair bond; Pair-living mammals
Year2014
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
ISSN0962-8452
1471-2954
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2014.0195
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/596280
hdl:10545/596280
Publication dates07 May 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited15 Feb 2016, 14:11
Accepted21 Feb 2014
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Archived with thanks to Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

ContributorsDepartment of Biological and Forensic Sciences, University of Derby, German Primate Centre, Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania and Centro de Ecología Aplicada del Litoral, Conicet, Corrientes, Argentina
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