Smartphone use, addiction, narcissism, and personality: A mixed methods investigation

Journal article


Pearson, Claire and Hussain, Zaheer 2015. Smartphone use, addiction, narcissism, and personality: A mixed methods investigation. International Journal of Cyber Behavior, Psychology and Learning. https://doi.org/10.4018/ijcbpl.2015010102
AuthorsPearson, Claire and Hussain, Zaheer
Abstract

There are increasing numbers of people who are now using smartphones. Consequently, there is a risk of addiction to certain web applications such as social networking sites (SNSs) which are easily accessible via smartphones. There is also the risk of an increase in narcissism amongst users of SNSs. The present study set out to investigate the relationship between smartphone use, narcissistic tendencies and personality as predictors of smartphone addiction. The study also aimed to investigate the distinction between addiction specificity and co-occurrence in smartphone addiction via qualitative data and discover why people continue to use smartphones in banned areas. A self-selected sample of 256 smartphone users (Mean age = 29.2, SD = 9.49) completed an online survey. The results revealed that 13.3% of the sample was classified as addicted to smartphones. Higher narcissism scores and neuroticism levels were linked to addiction. Three themes of; social relations, smartphone dependence and self-serving personalities emerged from the qualitative data. Interpretation of qualitative data supports addiction specificity of the smartphone. It is suggested smartphones encourage narcissism, even in non-narcissistic users. In turn, this increased use in banned areas. Future research needs to gather more in-depth qualitative data, addiction scale comparisons and comparison of use with and without SNS access. It is advised that prospective buyers of smartphones be pre-warned of the potential addictive properties of new technology.

KeywordsAddiction; Narcissism; Social networking sites; Personality
Year2015
JournalInternational Journal of Cyber Behavior, Psychology and Learning
PublisherIGI Global
ISSN2155-7136
2155-7144
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.4018/ijcbpl.2015010102
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/621096
hdl:10545/621096
Publication dates2015
Publication process dates
Deposited02 Dec 2016, 11:09
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Archived with thanks to International Journal of Cyber Behavior, Psychology and Learning

ContributorsUniversity of Derby, University of Derby, Derby, UK and Psychology Department, University of Derby, Derby, UK
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