A cluster analysis of illness and treatment representations and coping in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation.

Journal article


Taylor, E. C., O'Neill, M., Hughes, L. D. and Moss-Morris, R. 2021. A cluster analysis of illness and treatment representations and coping in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation. Quality of Life Research. 31, pp. 1415-1425. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-021-03006-w
AuthorsTaylor, E. C., O'Neill, M., Hughes, L. D. and Moss-Morris, R.
Abstract

Few studies have examined specific cognitive and behavioural responses to symptoms, which may impact health-related outcomes, in conjunction with illness representations, as outlined by the Common-Sense-Model. Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) report poor quality-of-life (QoL) and high distress. This cross-sectional study investigated patterns/clusters of cognitive and behavioural responses to illness, and illness perceptions, and relationships with QoL, depression and anxiety. AF patients (N = 198) recruited at cardiology clinics completed the AF-Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire, Atrial-Fibrillation-Effect-on-Quality-of-Life Questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire-8 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire. Cluster analysis used Ward’s and K-means methods. Hierarchical regressions examined relationships between clusters with QoL, depression and anxiety. Two clusters of cognitive and behavioural responses to symptoms were outlined; (1) ‘high avoidance’; (2) ‘low symptom-focussing’. Patients in Cluster 1 had lower QoL (M = 40.36, SD = 18.40), greater symptoms of depression (M = 7.20, SD = 5.71) and greater symptoms of anxiety (M = 5.70, SD = 5.90) compared to patients in Cluster 2 who had higher QoL (M = 59.03, SD = 20.12), fewer symptoms of depression (M = 3.53, SD = 3.56) and fewer symptoms of anxiety (M = 2.56, SD = 3.56). Two illness representation clusters were outlined; (1) ‘high coherence and treatment control’, (2) ‘negative illness and emotional representations’. Patients in Cluster 2 had significantly lower QoL (M = 46.57, SD = 19.94), greater symptoms of depression (M = 6.12, SD = 5.31) and greater symptoms of anxiety (M = 4.70, SD = 5.27), compared with patients in Cluster 1 who had higher QoL (M = 61.52, SD = 21.38), fewer symptoms of depression (M = 2.85, SD = 2.97) and fewer symptoms of anxiety (M = 2.16, SD = 3.63). Overall, clusters of cognitive and behavioural responses to symptoms, and illness perceptions significantly explained between 14 and 29% of the variance in QoL, depression and anxiety.
Patterns of cognitive and behavioural responses to symptoms, and illness perceptions are important correlates of health-related outcomes in AF patients.

Keywordsatrial fibrillation; cluster analysis; illness representations; distress
Year2021
JournalQuality of Life Research
Journal citation31, pp. 1415-1425
PublisherSpringer
ISSN 1573-2649
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-021-03006-w
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11136-021-03006-w
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online07 Oct 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted23 Sep 2021
Deposited20 Jan 2023
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