Ethnic Minorities’ Experiences of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Scoping Review

Journal article


Tofani, A. C., Taylor, E., Pritchard, I., Jackson, J., Xu, A. and Kotera, Y. 2023. Ethnic Minorities’ Experiences of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Scoping Review. Healthcare. 11 (5), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11050757
AuthorsTofani, A. C., Taylor, E., Pritchard, I., Jackson, J., Xu, A. and Kotera, Y.
Abstract

Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) can improve cardiovascular risk factors, decrease cardiac mortality, and promote healthy lifestyle behaviours. However, services remain underutilized by groups of ethnic minorities. The purpose of the study was to identify patients’ personal CR experiences to identify the differences CR makes towards minorities’ lifestyle. An initial electronic search was performed in 2021 for papers ranging from 2008–2020 across specific databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, APA PsycINFO, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), and Medline. Google Scholar was also used to supplement the search process and to identify studies performed within grey literature. A total of 1230 records were screened, of which 40 were assessed for eligibility. The final sample consisted of seven qualitative design studies that were identified for inclusion in this review. Based on patient personal experiences, this review identified that ethnic minorities continue to remain disadvantaged when accessing healthcare interventions, primarily as a result of cultural behaviours, linguistic barriers, socioeconomic status, religious and fatalistic beliefs, and low physician referral rates. More research is needed to elucidate this phenomenon and address these factors faced by ethnic minorities.

Keywordscardiac rehabilitation; cardiovascular risk factors; healthy lifestyle behaviours
Year2023
JournalHealthcare
Journal citation11 (5), pp. 1-14
PublisherMDPI
ISSN 2227-9032
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11050757
Web address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9032/11/5/757
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online04 Mar 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted28 Feb 2023
Deposited11 Jul 2023
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https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/9z857/ethnic-minorities-experiences-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-scoping-review

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