Mental Wellbeing of Indonesian Students: Mean Comparison with UK Students and Relationships with Self-Compassion and Academic Engagement

Journal article


Kotera, Y., Lieu, J., Kirkman, A., Barnes, K., Liu, G. H. T., Jackson, J., Wilkes, J. and Riswani, R. 2022. Mental Wellbeing of Indonesian Students: Mean Comparison with UK Students and Relationships with Self-Compassion and Academic Engagement. Healthcare. 10 (8), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10081439
AuthorsKotera, Y., Lieu, J., Kirkman, A., Barnes, K., Liu, G. H. T., Jackson, J., Wilkes, J. and Riswani, R.
Abstract

The number of Indonesian students in higher education has been increasing rapidly. However, many Indonesian university students report experiencing mental distress. Research on student wellbeing found that self-compassion (i.e., being kind towards oneself in challenging times) and academic engagement (i.e., a commitment and purposeful effort toward study) are essential to students’ mental wellbeing. With the present study, we aimed to assess the mental wellbeing of Indonesian students. A convenience sample of 156 Indonesian students completed self-report measures on mental wellbeing, self-compassion and academic engagement (consisting of vigour, dedication and absorption). To contextualise their mental wellbeing, data from Indonesian students were compared with those from 145 UK students using Welch t-tests. Correlation, regression and mediation analyses were then performed to examine the relationships among these variables. Indonesian students had higher levels of self-compassion and absorption and a lower level of dedication than UK students. Self-compassion and academic engagement explained 36% of variance in mental wellbeing. Self-compassion and vigour were identified as significant predictors of mental wellbeing, whereas self-compassion was the strongest predictor. Lastly, vigour did not mediate the pathway from self-compassion to mental wellbeing. Interventions to support self-compassion and academic engagement, especially vigour, in Indonesian students are recommended to support their mental wellbeing.

KeywordsIndonesian students; higher education ; mental wellbeing; self compassion
Year2022
JournalHealthcare
Journal citation10 (8), pp. 1-13
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2227-9032
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10081439
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10081439
Output statusPublished
Publication dates01 Aug 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted26 Jul 2022
Deposited23 Nov 2022
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