Mental Wellbeing of Indonesian Students: Mean Comparison with UK Students and Relationships with Self-Compassion and Academic Engagement

Journal article


Kotera, Y., Lieu, J., Kirkman, A., Barnes, K., Liu, G. H. T., Jackson, J., Wilkes, J. and Riswani, R. 2022. Mental Wellbeing of Indonesian Students: Mean Comparison with UK Students and Relationships with Self-Compassion and Academic Engagement. Healthcare. 10 (8), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10081439
AuthorsKotera, Y., Lieu, J., Kirkman, A., Barnes, K., Liu, G. H. T., Jackson, J., Wilkes, J. and Riswani, R.
Abstract

The number of Indonesian students in higher education has been increasing rapidly. However, many Indonesian university students report experiencing mental distress. Research on student wellbeing found that self-compassion (i.e., being kind towards oneself in challenging times) and academic engagement (i.e., a commitment and purposeful effort toward study) are essential to students’ mental wellbeing. With the present study, we aimed to assess the mental wellbeing of Indonesian students. A convenience sample of 156 Indonesian students completed self-report measures on mental wellbeing, self-compassion and academic engagement (consisting of vigour, dedication and absorption). To contextualise their mental wellbeing, data from Indonesian students were compared with those from 145 UK students using Welch t-tests. Correlation, regression and mediation analyses were then performed to examine the relationships among these variables. Indonesian students had higher levels of self-compassion and absorption and a lower level of dedication than UK students. Self-compassion and academic engagement explained 36% of variance in mental wellbeing. Self-compassion and vigour were identified as significant predictors of mental wellbeing, whereas self-compassion was the strongest predictor. Lastly, vigour did not mediate the pathway from self-compassion to mental wellbeing. Interventions to support self-compassion and academic engagement, especially vigour, in Indonesian students are recommended to support their mental wellbeing.

KeywordsIndonesian students; higher education ; mental wellbeing; self compassion
Year2022
JournalHealthcare
Journal citation10 (8), pp. 1-13
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2227-9032
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10081439
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10081439
Output statusPublished
Publication dates01 Aug 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted26 Jul 2022
Deposited23 Nov 2022
Permalink -

https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/9v624/mental-wellbeing-of-indonesian-students-mean-comparison-with-uk-students-and-relationships-with-self-compassion-and-academic-engagement

  • 25
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Self-compassion and mental well-being among youth
Jackson, J., Kotera, y., Edwards, A. M., Wilkes, J., Taylor, E., Colman, R., Aledeh. M., Barnes. K. and Rushforth, A. 2024. Self-compassion and mental well-being among youth. in: Ka Shing Chan, K., Ngar Sze Lau, E. and Chi-Kin Lee, J. (ed.) Mindfulness for Child and Adolescent Well-Being: International Perspectives Abingdon, Oxfordshire Routledge .
Stress, coping and job satisfaction in UK academics during the COVID-19 pandemic
Jimoh, O., Kirkman, A., Kotera, Y. and Taylor, E. 2023. Stress, coping and job satisfaction in UK academics during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Concurrent Disorders. pp. 1-23.
Understanding the attitudes towards breastfeeding amongst staff and students in a UK higher institutional setting–a mixed-method cross-sectional study
Jackson, J., Hallam, J., Griffiths, A., Leverton, J. and Safari, R. 2023. Understanding the attitudes towards breastfeeding amongst staff and students in a UK higher institutional setting–a mixed-method cross-sectional study. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education . pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/14635240.2023.2273263
The management of ankyloglossia and implications for breastfeeding: A review of the literature.
Bertenshaw, C., Jackson, J. and Pemberton, D. 2023. The management of ankyloglossia and implications for breastfeeding: A review of the literature. Journal of Health Visiting. 11 (8), pp. 1-24. https://doi.org/10.12968/johv.2023.11.8.334
Exploring the healthcare experiences and support needs of chestfeeding or breastfeeding for trans and non-binary parents based in the United Kingdom
Jackson, J., Wild, R., Hallam, J., Graves. R, Woodstein B. J. and Stothard. P. 2023. Exploring the healthcare experiences and support needs of chestfeeding or breastfeeding for trans and non-binary parents based in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Transgender Health. pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/26895269.2023.2265371
Understanding how children are coping with climate change anxiety by exploring coping strategies and supportive interventions.
Jackson, J., Rawson, B., Coleman, R, Brooks-Ucheaga, M. and Kotera Y 2023. Understanding how children are coping with climate change anxiety by exploring coping strategies and supportive interventions. International Journal of Population Studies. pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.36922/ijps.0850
Comprehensive geriatric assessment delivered by advanced nursing practitioners within primary care setting: a mixed-methods pilot feasibility randomised controlled trial
Safari, R., Jackson, J. and Boole, L. 2023. Comprehensive geriatric assessment delivered by advanced nursing practitioners within primary care setting: a mixed-methods pilot feasibility randomised controlled trial. BMC Geriatrics . 23 (513), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-023-04218-0
Self-Compassion during COVID-19 in Non-WEIRD Countries: A Narrative Review
Yasuhiro Kotera, Ann Kirkman, Julie Beaumont, Magdalena A. Komorowska, Elizabeth Such, Yudai Kaneda and Annabel Rushforth 2023. Self-Compassion during COVID-19 in Non-WEIRD Countries: A Narrative Review. Healthcare. 11 (14), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11142016
Self-Compassion Interventions to Target Secondary Traumatic Stress in Healthcare Workers: A Systematic Review
Annabel Rushforth, Mia Durk, Gabby A. A. Rothwell-Blake, Ann Kirkman, Fiona Ng and Yasuhiro Kotera 2023. Self-Compassion Interventions to Target Secondary Traumatic Stress in Healthcare Workers: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 20 (12), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20126109
Ethnic Minorities’ Experiences of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Scoping Review
Tofani, A. C., Taylor, E., Pritchard, I., Jackson, J., Xu, A. and Kotera, Y. 2023. Ethnic Minorities’ Experiences of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Scoping Review. Healthcare. 11 (5), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11050757
Healthy eating: Evaluating the peer influence of vlogs produced by 6–16-year-olds and their families.
Jackson, J. and Jackson, S. 2023. Healthy eating: Evaluating the peer influence of vlogs produced by 6–16-year-olds and their families. British Journal of Child Health. 4 (1), pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.12968/chhe.2023.4.1.29
Cross-cultural perspectives on mental health shame among male workers
Kotera, Y., Jackson, J., Aledeh, M., Edwards, A., Veasey, C., Barnes, K., Komorowska, M. A., Adam, H. and Kirkman, A. 2023. Cross-cultural perspectives on mental health shame among male workers. Journal of Men's Health. 19 (3), pp. 65-71. https://doi.org/10.22514/jomh.2023.018
Breast cancer understanding among university students: A rapid review of cross-country comparisons
Colman, R., Kirkman, A., Jackson, J., Goldburn, L., Ozaki, A. and Kotera, Y. 2023. Breast cancer understanding among university students: A rapid review of cross-country comparisons. Archives of Breast Cancer. 10 (2), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.32768/abc.2023102114-123
Comparing the Mental Health of Healthcare Students: Mental Health Shame and Self-compassion in Counselling, Occupational Therapy, Nursing and Social Work Students
Yasuhiro Kotera, Jessica E. Jackson, Ann Kirkman, Ann-Marie Edwards, Rory Colman, Ann Underhill, Jessica G. Jackson, Denise Baker and Akihiko Ozaki 2023. Comparing the Mental Health of Healthcare Students: Mental Health Shame and Self-compassion in Counselling, Occupational Therapy, Nursing and Social Work Students. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-023-01018-w
Exploring the lived experiences of mothers of extremely preterm infants within the UK: An interpretative phenomenological analysis
Robinson, S, Williams, S., Hallam, J. and Jackson, J. 2023. Exploring the lived experiences of mothers of extremely preterm infants within the UK: An interpretative phenomenological analysis. Journal of health visiting. 11 (2), pp. 74-81. https://doi.org/10.12968/johv.2023.11.2.72
‘This is what the colour green smells like!’: Urban Forest Bathing improved adolescent nature connection and wellbeing",
McEwan, K., Potter, V., Kotera, Y., Jackson, J. and Greaves, S. 2022. ‘This is what the colour green smells like!’: Urban Forest Bathing improved adolescent nature connection and wellbeing", . International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 19 (23), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192315594
The Feasibility and Impact of Practising Online Forest Bathing to Improve Anxiety, Rumination, Social Connection and Long-COVID Symptoms: A Pilot Study
Kirsten McEwan, Collett, H., Nairn, J., Jamie Bird, Mark A. Faghy, Pfeifer, E., Jackson, J., Cook, C. and Bond, A. 2022. The Feasibility and Impact of Practising Online Forest Bathing to Improve Anxiety, Rumination, Social Connection and Long-COVID Symptoms: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 19 (22), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192214905
Parents’ attitudes towards conversations with their young children about sex: A cross-sectional study
Jackson, J., Rhodes, C. and Kotera, Y. 2022. Parents’ attitudes towards conversations with their young children about sex: A cross-sectional study. British Journal of Child Health. 3 (4). https://doi.org/10.12968/chhe.2022.3.4.183
Construction and Factorial Validation of a Short Version of the Attitudes Towards Mental Health Problems Scale (SATMHPS)
Kotera, Y., Taylor, E. C., Wilkes, J., Veasey, C., Maybury, S., Jackson, J., Lieu, J. and Asano, K. 2022. Construction and Factorial Validation of a Short Version of the Attitudes Towards Mental Health Problems Scale (SATMHPS). Mental Health Religion & Culture. pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2022.2114441
A narrative synthesis using the ecological systems theory for understanding a woman’s ability to continue breastfeeding
Jackson, J., Safari, R. and Hallam, J. 2022. A narrative synthesis using the ecological systems theory for understanding a woman’s ability to continue breastfeeding. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/14635240.2022.2098162
An exploration of partners’ experiences of breastfeeding beyond 1 year
Jackson, J. and Hallam, J. 2022. An exploration of partners’ experiences of breastfeeding beyond 1 year. Journal of health visiting. 10 (4). https://doi.org/10.12968/johv.2022.10.4.161
Using digital interventions to encourage healthy eating
Jackson, J. and Jackson, S. 2022. Using digital interventions to encourage healthy eating. British Journal of Child Health. 2 (6), pp. 268-273. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12968/chhe.2021.2.6.268
An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis exploring the experiences of mothers who relate to the term ‘Gender Disappointment’
Young, Nina, Hallam, Jenny, Jackson, Jessica, Barnes, Christopher and Montague, Jane 2021. An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis exploring the experiences of mothers who relate to the term ‘Gender Disappointment’. Journal of health visiting. https://doi.org/10.12968/johv.2021.9.11.470
‘It’s quite a taboo subject’: an investigation of mother’s experiences of breastfeeding beyond infancy and the challenges they face
Jackson, Jessica and Hallam, Jenny 2021. ‘It’s quite a taboo subject’: an investigation of mother’s experiences of breastfeeding beyond infancy and the challenges they face. Women and Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2021.1938790
Physical activity: understanding and addressing inequalities
Jackson, Jessica, Roscoe, Clare M. P. and Mourton, Niamh 2021. Physical activity: understanding and addressing inequalities. Public Health England.
Using behavioural insights to reduce sugar in primary school children's packed lunches in derby; A cluster randomised controlled trial
Bunten, Amanda, Porter, Lucy, Burgess-Allen, Jilla, Howell-Jones, Rebecca, Jackson, Jessica, Ward, Derek, Staples, Vicki, Staples, Paul, Rowthorn, Harriet, Saei, Ayoub, van Schaik, Paul, Tydeman, Elizabeth, Blair, Penny, Hugueniot, Orla, Gold, Natalie and Chadborn, Tim 2020. Using behavioural insights to reduce sugar in primary school children's packed lunches in derby; A cluster randomised controlled trial. Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104987
Against all odds—why UK mothers’ breastfeeding beyond infancy are turning to their international peers for emotional and informative support
Jackson, Jessica and Hallam, Jenny 2020. Against all odds—why UK mothers’ breastfeeding beyond infancy are turning to their international peers for emotional and informative support. Informa UK Limited. https://doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2020.1744147
Exploring public perspectives of e-professionalism in nursing
Jackson, Jessica 2019. Exploring public perspectives of e-professionalism in nursing. RCN Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.7748/nm.2019.e1870
Using figured worlds to explore parents' attitudes and influences for choosing the content of primary school packed lunches
Jackson, Jessica, Giles, David and Gerrard, Clarabelle 2019. Using figured worlds to explore parents' attitudes and influences for choosing the content of primary school packed lunches. MAG Online Library. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjsn.2019.14.7.335
Social media: blurred lines between personal and professional behaviour
Jackson, Jessica 2019. Social media: blurred lines between personal and professional behaviour. Practice Nurse.
'I felt like I was doing something wrong': A qualitative exploration of mothers' experiences of breastfeeding
Jackson, Jessica and Hallam, Jenny 2019. 'I felt like I was doing something wrong': A qualitative exploration of mothers' experiences of breastfeeding. Journal of health visiting. https://doi.org/10.12968/johv.2019.7.4.166
Digital interventions to promote self-management in people with osteoarthritis: systematic review and meta-analysis - Study protocol
Safari, Reza, Jackson, Jessica, Dhadda, Buk, Watkins, Merryl, Sheffield, David, Anthony, Denis and Ward, Derek 2018. Digital interventions to promote self-management in people with osteoarthritis: systematic review and meta-analysis - Study protocol. National Health Service (NHS).
Exploring the long-term influence of the family nurse partnership on the lives of young mothers
Woodward, Amelia, Ward, Derek and Jackson, Jessica 2017. Exploring the long-term influence of the family nurse partnership on the lives of young mothers. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx186.308
Using behavioural insights to improve the healthiness of children’s packed lunches.
Jackson, Jessica, Ward, Derek, Giles, David, Bunten, Amanda, Howell-Jones, Rebecca and Burgess-Allen, Jilla 2017. Using behavioural insights to improve the healthiness of children’s packed lunches. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx187.316
Breastfeeding Experiences of Women Who have Survived Intimate Partner Violence
Stephanie Allen, Sophie Williams, Jenny Hallam and Jackson, J. 2012. Breastfeeding Experiences of Women Who have Survived Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of health visiting. 11 (5). https://doi.org/10.12968/johv.2023.11.5.204