A Shorter Form of the Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale: Construction and Factorial Validation

Journal article


Yasuhiro Kotera, Muhammad Aledeh, Annabel Rushforth, Nelly Otoo, Rory Colman and Elaina Taylor 2022. A Shorter Form of the Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale: Construction and Factorial Validation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 19 (21), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192113864
AuthorsYasuhiro Kotera, Muhammad Aledeh, Annabel Rushforth, Nelly Otoo, Rory Colman and Elaina Taylor
Abstract

While workplace mental health has attracted attention in many countries, work motivation remains under-researched. Research identified that work motivation is associated with many organisational positive outcomes including workplace mental health. One well-recognised measure is the Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale (WEIMS). Conceptualised on the Self-Determination Theory, this 18-item scale examines six types of work motivation: Intrinsic Motivation, Integrated Regulation, Identified Regulation, Introjected Regulation, External Regulation, and Amotivation. WEIMS can be too long for busy people at work. Accordingly, we constructed and validated a shorter form of WEIMS (SWEIMS), comprising 12 items that evaluate the same six work motivation types. Data collected from two professional samples were analysed to construct and validate the factorial structure: 155 construction workers (138 males and 17 females, Age 40.28 ± 11.05) and 103 hospitality workers (47 males and 56 females, Age 28.2 ± 8.6 years). Correlation analyses and confirmatory factor analyses were performed. Two items from each type were selected based on the strength of correlations with the target WEIMS subscale. SWEIMS demonstrated adequate internal consistency (α ≧ 0.65), and strong correlations with the original version of WEIMS (r = 0.73) in both samples. SWEIMS confirmatory factor analysis replicated the six-factor model of the original SWEIMS. SWEIMS can be a reliable, valid, and user-friendly alternative to WEIMS.

KeywordsWork Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale; work motivation; intrinsic motivation
Year2022
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Journal citation19 (21), pp. 1-11
PublisherMDPI
ISSN1660-4601
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192113864
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192113864
Publisher's version
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Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates25 Oct 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Oct 2022
Deposited08 Dec 2022
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